Chapter 3: Culture – In Class & Reading notes – 9/6
Chapter 3: Culture – In Class & Reading notes – 9/6 SO 1003
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Notetaker on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Ashley Vancil-Leap in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/16
Chapter 3: Culture – In Class & Reading notes – 9/6 Elements of culture: - Culture of society - Structure of society - Think of society as a coin, it has two different sides and without one side there wouldn’t be the other Culture: - Meanings and ways of life that characterize society - Consists of beliefs, values, norms, and symbols - Culture is not biological - Passed down through communication through stories told by family members, media, school… - Institutions also make up our culture o Military, art, music, economy, government Material Culture: - Everything that is a part of our physical constructed environment - Ex: technology, books, monuments, fashion - Items didn’t originally have a meaning but through our culture we have established certain meanings for certain items o a chair is used for sitting Nonmaterial Culture: - beliefs, values, and social norms - What feels normal but is actually socially produced and very evident when you are in a foreign culture or environment o Holding door open for someone o Saying “bless you” when someone sneezes - Ideology: system of concepts and relationships that include an understanding of cause and effect Elements of nonmaterial culture: - Beliefs: Definitions and explanations about what is assumed to be true o Beliefs influence whether an individual views a particular social situation as a social problem - Values: Social agreements about what is good or bad, right or wrong; moral beliefs o Individuals see a social situation as a problem when it contradicts your values - Norms: How our values tell us to act o Folkways: Customs, habits, manners Ex: Shaking hands o Laws: Formal norms with political backing Ex: Murder, DUI o Mores: Norm with moral basis Ex: Littering, cursing, smoking on campus - Sanctions: Social consequences for conforming or violating social norms o 1. Positive – Informal When you DO follow social norms Ex: Praise in the classroom o 2. Positive – Formal When you DO follow social norms Ex: Graduation o 3. Negative – Informal When you DO NOT follow social norms Bullying, called out on social media o 4. Negative – Formal When you DO NOT follow social norms Ex: Going to jail, getting a ticket - Symbols: Something that represent something else o Language o Gestures - Hand shake, middle finger, wave o Objects - Cross, flag, emoji’s o Symbols have different meanings for different people or groups of people Confederate flag Cultural Relativism: - Coined by Ruth Benedict in 1930’s - States that individuals should recognize/ accept different cultures that are not like their own without judgment Cultural Scripts: - Modes of behavior and understanding that are not universal or natural but that may strongly shape beliefs and concepts held by a society o Ex: Gender roles Socialization: - Process by which individuals internalize values, beliefs, and norms of a society and learn how to properly function in that society - Family teaches you many values, beliefs, and norms starting at a young age o Ex: blue represents boy, pink represents girl (this socializes the baby before it is even born) Subcultures: - A group within society that is united by sets of concepts, values, traits, and behavioral patterns that distinguish from others in society o Goths, Cosplay, Amish, Hipsters o Within school: Jocks, Nerds, Geeks, Band Kids o Music: Hip-hop, Rock, Country, Christian o MSU is its own subculture
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