CRj 270: Chapter 3-4
CRj 270: Chapter 3-4 CRJ 270-1001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vee on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 270-1001 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Dr. Terance Miethe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminology in Criminal Justice at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.
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Date Created: 09/05/16
Valonna Thrower-Love CRJ 270: Chapter 3-4: The Development and Functions of Criminal Law/Crime and the Structure of Society Chapter 3: • The purposes/ functions of the development and passage of criminal laws include: ◦ (1) reinforcing public standards of morality by strictly enforcing particular laws and punishments ◦ (2) protecting society as a whole by incapacitating criminals in jails and prisons, and using the threat of swift, certain, and severe punishment to deter future criminal behavior ◦ (3) creating laws that legitimize the behavior of a few and criminalizing/penalizing behavior that threatens the elite’s interests ◦ (4) maintain and regulate social order and social relations ▪ increases predictability and reduces chaos ◦ (5) provide a forum for state punishment that discourages acts of revenge by individuals/groups ◦ (6) provide a basis for social engineering ▪ social engineering- using the criminal law to eliminate undesirable social problems and to promote constructive social changes. ▪ ex. laws about teen drinking, disorderly conduct, hate crimes, compulsory school attendance, public housing, and equal opportunity/employment Chapter 4: • The correlation between social complexity and crime: ◦ Step 1: Industrialization/ Urbanization/ Modernization/ Population Growth ▪ “evil” social forces associated with increasing societal complexity ◦ Step 2: Breakdown of Bonds/ Density & Competition/ Wealth and Inequality/ Diversity & Heterogeneity ▪ after step 1, you get social disorganization ◦ Step 3: Alienation and Anomie ◦ Step 4: Higher levels of Crime • "Pre-industiral" vs “industrial” society ◦ Pre-industrial society: ▪ relatively small in size and homogeneous population who have a relatively simple way of dividing labor ▪ examples: colonial America, tribal societies of Africa, and the island nations of the South Pacific ▪ social norms are maintained by imposing informal social control ▪ informal social control- when behavior is regulated by non-state authority (i.e. family, friends, and neighbors). ▪ if someone try to commit crime or display deviance then there will be retribution ▪ retribution- e.g. the eye-for-eye doctrine ▪ some display collective responsibility ▪ collective responsibility- a crime is a private wrong against a person but all members of the offending party’s family are responsible for the deviant act ▪ crime is relatively uncommon because: ▪ (1) shared views among all members of the community about what is appropriate behavior ▪ (2) the collective responsibility for crime ▪ (3) the effectiveness of informal social controls that regulate one’s behavior ◦ Industrial society: ▪ population heterogeneity/diversity, a complex division of labor, and the unequal distribution of wealth ▪ definitions of crime are based on the idea of legal norm violations ▪ crime is considered a public harm against the state and an individual responsibility ▪ social order is maintained by imposing formal social control ▪ although informal social control is still used it is not very effective • Increased crime does not have to occur as society changes from a pre-industrial to industrial society
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