New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Medical Terminology week 2 notes/study guide

by: Jill Zambito

Medical Terminology week 2 notes/study guide CC 306M

Marketplace > University of Texas at Austin > Global Cultures > CC 306M > Medical Terminology week 2 notes study guide
Jill Zambito
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Medical Terminology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Medical Terminology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Chapters 1 and 2
Medical Terminology
Dr. Todd Curtis
Class Notes




Popular in Medical Terminology

Popular in Global Cultures

This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jill Zambito on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CC 306M at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Todd Curtis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 220 views. For similar materials see Medical Terminology in Global Cultures at University of Texas at Austin.


Reviews for Medical Terminology week 2 notes/study guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/05/16
Medical Terminology Test 1 Hippocrates ● The iatros ● The legend ● Iatr­ = medicine, healing treatment, or a physician  Latin in Medical Terminology: ● Medic­ {L. medicus, healer (physician)} = medicine  Reasons for using Greek and Laatin Med terminology:  ● Descriptive ● Easily combined ● Create a lingua franca for science and medicine  Frequent terms in class:  ● Etymology: the study of the origins and historical meanings of words ○ Compound terms ■ Ex: osteoarthrotomy [osteon, bone + arthron, joint  +tome, incision] sugical excision of the articular end of bone  ○ Loan words ■ Ex: Angina [angina, quinsy, to choke] angina  pectoris, acute sore throat  ○ Eponyms  ■ Ex: Hippocratic, Proteus  ● Transliteration: transposition of a word from one language to another ● Synonyms  (know these!!)  ● Root: essential part by which most medical terms are formed (ex: angi­, aden­,  derm­) ● Combining vowel: used to join a root to another root or suffix. “O” and “i” are  commonly used ○ Not added when joining a root to a suffix beginning with a vowel  (ex: gastr + ectomy)  ○ A root w a combining vowel is commonly referred to as a  combining form  ● Suffix: one or two syllable word element appended to end of a medical term in  order to modify its meaning. (ex: ­ic, ­ia)  ● REMEMBER: many words listed as suffixes in your textbook are compund  suffixes which are made from roots (ex: root = iatros, suffix= Y, term = psychiatry)  ● Prefix: attached to beginning of term...convey time, quantity, quality, posistion,  direction)  ○ Not every word has prefix  ○ More than one prefix may be attached (ex: Subendocardial...SUB­ and ENDO­ are both prefix)  ● Elision: omission of a vowel when one word element is joined to another  ○ Root ends w the same vowel as suffix (peri + cardi + itis =  pericarditis)  ● Assimilation: certain prefixes ending in a consonant are attached to word  elements beginning w a consonant ○ Changes to the same consonant with which the word element  begins (con + rugator = corrugator)  ○ Ending of prefix changes to another consonant to make it more  easy to pronounce (in + perfect = imperfect)  Five Basic rules for constructing terms:  1. Combining vowel is used to join root to root as well as root to any suffix  beginning with a consonant. Ex: hepat/o + ­megaly = hepatomegaly and is defined as  enlargement of the liver 2. A combining vowel is not used before a suffix that begins with a vowel. Ex: vas/o  + ­ectomy = vasectomy and is defined as removal of a vessel 3. If the root ends in a vowel and the suffix begins with the same vowel, drop the  final vowel from the root and do not use a combining vowel. Ex: Cardi/o + ­itis = carditis  and is defined as inflammation of the heart 4. A combining vowel is inserted b/t two roots even when the second root begins  with a vowel. Ex: cardi/o + esophag/o + ­eal = cardioesophageal and is defined as  pertaining to the heart and esophagus  5. Sometimes, when a prefix ends in a vowel and the root begins with a vowel, the  final vowel is dropped from the prefix. Ex: para­ + enter/o + ­al = parenteral and is  defined as  pertaining to alongside of the small intestine  Basic term components  A. Definition through analysis: you can usually define a term by interpreting the… (think of med terms as sentences) a. Suffix first b. Then prefix c. Then roots Ex: interenterocolitis ● Suffix: ­itis (inflammation)  ● Prefix: inter­ (between)  ● Combining form: Enter/o (intestines) ● Root: col (colon) ● Sentence; inflammation b/t intestines and colon  B. Refining your definitions Ex: melanedema ● melan/o = black  ● ­edema = swelling (suffix)  ● If you were to follow the rule it would be “swelling black”  ● Literal definition = black swelling  ● Medical def = black deposit in lungs, typically in coal miners ● Melanedema vs. antracosis  ○ [anthrax (nomitive) , anthrakos (genitive) = coal] KNOW ○ Condition associated with coal  C. Roots with more than one meaning ● ACR­ = {akros} = summit, end; extremity  ○ Acromegaly, acrophobia, acropolis ● ORTH­ = straight, correct, normal, upright ○ orthodonitist , orthocephalic, orthostatic ● PATH­ {pathos} = experience, condition, disease ○ Sympathy, telepathy, pathology, myopathy D. Synonyms KNOW Greek                                                                Latin rhin/o (rhis, rhinos) nas/o (nasus) my/o (mys, myos) muscul/o (musculus) nephr/o (nephros) ren/o (ren) angi/o (angeion) vas/o (vas)  E. Be aware of different usages ● bacteri/o       ­lysin = a substance destructive to bacteria ● strept/o         ­lysin = substance destructive to blood which is produced by  streptococci and staphylococci  ● staphyl/o       ­lysin = ** ● Lysis = dissolution or destruction  ● ­lysis (process of dissolution) ● ­lysin (substance causing dissolution)  ● staphyl/o = bunch of grapes ● strept/o = twisted F. Homomorphisms can be misleading ● Sometimes two different roots simplify to same spelling  ● Ex: ped­ ( pes meaning foot) vs. ped­ (paes meaning child) pediatrics,  pedestrian, orthopedics  G. Inflection ● Add suffix to end of word to change grammatical function  ● Ex: palpebra = subject and palpebram = direct object  ● Psyche, psyches = mind, soul = psych­, ­psyche ● Derman, dermatos = skin = derma, dermat­, derm­, ­derm  ● Stoma, stomatos = mouth = stoma, stom­, stomat­, ­stomy  ● Fero, ferre (to bear), tuli, latum (to bury) = lat, fer­, ­fer  Singular latin Plural latin vertebra Vertebrae          (vertebras ?) fungus Fungi                 (funguses) diverticulum diverticula foramen Foramina          (foramens) matrix Matrices           (matrixes?) Singular greek Plural greek arthritis Arthritides  condyloma Condylomata   (condylomas) phenomenon Penomena  Common traditional plural forms:  ● ­a  ­ae ● ­is ­es ● ­on ­a ● ­um ­a ● ­ax (­ex,­ix) ­aces (­ices) ● ­us ­i ● ­oma (­ma) ­omata ● ­itis ­itides ● ­en ­ina ● ­ens (­ans) ­entes (­antes)  ● Extra plurals: ○ Analysis analyses ○ Deferens (anns)  deferentes ● What is plural of hemolysis?  ● Singular of Thrombi? Thrombus ●  Plural of Neuroma? Neuromata ● Singular of cacumina? cacumen ● Plural of arthritis? Arthritides  ● Plural of cicatrix? Cicatrices  Pronunciation:  ● Acromion:  ○ How many syllables? (4)  ○ Which vowel is stressed? (kro is stressed bc “O” is overlined)  ● Which vowel is stressed in hydrocephalocele?  ○ Usually the last vowel will be the stressed one ○ This has 6 syllables   ● ● Final vowel: vowel example A = “ah” sound Amoeba  I = “eye” sound  fungi E = “ee” sound in heel syncope Es =”ease” sound Phalanges  Dipthong: 2 vowel that when together have one sound  dipthong example Au as in taught Caudal  Ew as in neuter aneurysm Oi as in boy koionychia Ae and oe as in heel paederus Ei as in eye Leiomyoma  Ui as in quick Equine  First consonant cluster: remove first cluster of consonants Consonant cluster and sound examples Chth = th chthonic Ct = t ctenocephalides Gn = n Gnathic  Mn = n mnemic Phth = th  phthisis Pn = n  pneumonia Ps = s  psoriasis Pt = t  Pterygoid  Consonants: consonant example C before a, o, or u = k Cavus  C before ae, oe, e, i, or y = s Coelom  Cc before e, i, or y = ks cocci Ch = k Chiroplasty  G before a, o or u = g  Gonad  G before ae, oe, e, i, or y = j  Angina (anjina) Ph = f Tenophyte  Rh or rrh = r Angiorrhexis  consonant Example  S+i before another vowel = zha as in leisure  aphasia Sc + i or e before another vowel = s  Misce  Th = th Thenal  T + i before another vowel = sh Aproctia  X as the first consonant of word =  z xerosis X in middle of word = ks Taxis  Examples: 1. The pt in pterygium makes a t sound 2. The mn in mnemonic makes an n sound 3. The ch in chirality makes a k sound 4. The g in phagic makes a j sound 5. The es in stapes makes a ez sound  ● What is the phoneetic spelling of xiphoid? ○ Zifoyd  ● Pronunciation and word analysis: ○ Trichangiectasia: tricha = hair and trophia = lack of growth (lack of growth of hair)  ○ Check back with slide  Chapter 2: health care records: ● History and physical p 41­43 ● Progress note (SOAP) p 43­44 ● Prescription: 73­76 ● Know what each form is for, what are component part of each form, what kind of  info goes in each component part, the common abbreviations associated with these  forms  1. History and physical  a. Document of medical hist and findings from physical examination  i. History:  1. Subjective info­­history obtained  from patient including his/her personal perceptions (what the  patient tells you) ii. Physical exam:  1. Objective info: physical facts and  observations made by examiner  2. Progress note: SOAP format a. Progress notes made after the initial history and physical is  recorded. The letters represent the order in which progress is noted i. S: subjective: that which the patient describes ii. O: objective: observable info such as test results,  blood pressure readings, etc iii. A: assessment: progress and evaluation of the  effectiveness of the plan  iv. P: plan: decision to proceed or alter strategy  b. Purpose of progress notes: i. Evaluative ii. Important legal documents iii. Ensure proper patient care  3. Prescription:  a. Physician's written direction for dispensing or administering a  medication for a patient  b. Must be written in specific format c. Rx: prescription i. Dispensation: name, strength, and amount ii. Signa: patient instructions   4. Roman and arabic numbers: a. I or i = 1  b. V or v = 5  c. X or x = 10  d. L or l = 50  e. C or c = 100  f. D or d = 500  g. M or m = 1000 h. Subtraction rule: i. IV=4, IX=9, XL=40, XC=90, CD=400, CM=900 5. Medical abbreviations (74­76 know latin and abbreviations)  a. Statim → STAT b. Pro re nata → p.r.n c. Noctis → noc. d. Ante meridiem → a.m. e. Post cibum → p.c. f. Non per os → NPO 6. Abbreviations: 67­68, 74­76 a. a = ante b. p = post c. s = sine d. c =cum e. Rx = recipe  f. Tx, Sx, Hx (h/o) 7. Symbols: 67­68, 74­76 a. ii or II  b. + or ­  c. 0 w slash = none d. R w circle = right as in R hand  e. Male = mars→ God of war = sphere f. Female = venus → mirror = beauty 8. Rod of asclepius vs Hermes Caduceus  a. Asclepius = god of medicine  b. Hermes = god of thieves, merchants…(2 snakes with wings)  9. For test:  a. Common abbrec used in history and physical and progress notes  (44­45) b. Disease terms (64­65) c. Medical facilities and patient care abbreviations (67­68)  d. Routes of medication administration (p 72) e. Common prescription and abbrev and symbols (74­76) 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.