Week 1 Notes
Week 1 Notes ANTH 1002
Popular in Sociocultural Anthropology
Popular in Anthropology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Notetaker on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002 at George Washington University taught by Roy Richard Grinker in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Sociocultural Anthropology in Anthropology at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/05/16
8/29/2016 Watch Thandie Newton TED Talk Margaret Mead (190119??) challenged chauvinist stereotypes Went to New Guinea to get a global perspective Studied different cultures o Arapesh: men and women are naturally fitted for the nurturance and raising children o Mundugumor: men and women are competitive and aggressive, not nurturing o Tchambuli: they believe that men were naturally feminine (by American standards) while women are naturally masculine In appropriate for men to initiate sex, etc. 8/31/2016 CounterIntuitive Claims An Anthropological perspective takes nothing for granted, always ask ‘why’ Before 1892, there were no homosexuals, or heterosexuality, in the world o Homosexuality first appears in the OED in 1976 Abraham Lincoln and Joshua Speed o 1837 Lincoln rode into Springfield and asked him for a room. The continued to sleep together for 3 years, despite him being offered many other places to live. o In letters they confessed to each other that they were anxious about performing sexually with their wives. o Was Lincoln gay?? Lincoln cannot be called a homosexual because the term didn’t exist. There was no model of it, so ‘heterosexuals’ had no fear of being called a homosexual In Ancient Greece, it was only considered ‘bad’ if, between a citizen and a slave, the ‘citizen’ was on the receiving end. In Europe, before the late 1700s, there was only one sex: male th Pre18 century + 2,000 o Woman is an inverted man There is no vocabulary for the female reproductive organs until the late 1700s Gradual transition to a 2 sex model o Ancient Greek notion of signs, correspondences and archetypes No new scientific discoveries were made, there was simply a cultural shift. The industrial revolution required a fixed identity The sexes must be incommensurate in a stable world comprehensible by science Individual and social identities are reduced to the organ Is it ‘natural’ for a woman to menstruate once a month? Menses: o The cycle is typically 2830 days o Cycle saves an amount of energy equivalent to sixdays’ worth of food over a cycle John Rock, MD o Endocrinologist instrumental in the creation of oral conception o The Pill 1951 the Pope Pius XII sanctions the rhythm method for Catholics as a ‘natural’ method of regulating procreation FDA approves the poll in 1960 1968 Pope Paul VI declares all ‘artificial’ to be against the teachings of the Catholic church Nuns are perfect for studying menstruation o Discovered that nuns are higher risk for breast cancer and uterine disease The Dogon (Mali): Beverly Strasmman (Univ. of Michigan) o Have fewer periods than Americans (300400/lifetime) o ~100/lifetime Start at 16 Average 89 births Between age of 2034 average just over 1 period a year due to a lot of breast feeding After 35 until menopause, average 4 periods a year Culture is EVERYWHERE Race, class, language, gender, social classification, ritualized efforts to promote social solidarity (e.g. apologies), and incest taboos Mean Girls Trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6YjSlvmNjT8 FirstCousin Marriage in the U.S. is legal in 20 states
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