IAFF 1005, Week 1
IAFF 1005, Week 1 IAFF 1005
Popular in Introduction to International Affairs: A Washington Perspective
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Notetaker on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to IAFF 1005 at George Washington University taught by Brown, M in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Affairs: A Washington Perspective in International Affairs at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/05/16
8.30.2016 Why This Matters: War and peace Oppression and justice Poverty and prosperity Conflict vs. Cooperation Problems vs. Progress Global Gender Inequality Worldwide salary inequality In gov. women hole 19% of legislative and 18% of ministerial positions About 1/3 of women worldwide experienced physical and/or sexual violence 160 million women and girls are missing worldwide War and Armed Conflict 19 – 19 million killed th 20 – 110-180 million killed o WWI- 8 million soldiers, 6-7 million civilians o WWII- 15 million soldiers, 26-34 million civilians The Cold War – “The Long Peace” o 160 armed conflicts, 20 million killed st The threat of global thermonuclear war 21 – 30-40 armed conflicts per year o More than 125,000 killed in 2014, deadliest year since Rwandan Genocide By the end of 2015, 65.3 million people displaced o 21.3 million refugees o 12.3 million were newly displaced in 2015 Syria o More than 470,000 killed since 2011 Genocide and Politicide China/Mao – 30-45 million Germany/Hitler – 11-12 million civilians USSR/ Stalin - 6-9 million civilians Cambodia/Pol Pot – 2 million Rwanda – 800,000 killed in 100 day 9.1.2016 Global Trends Several Key Factors: Population: growth, distribution, movement Economic, energy, environment Governance, strong, good, democratic Security: inter-state, transitional, intra-state Population Growth: 1900- 1.6 billion people 2000- 6 billion people 2015- 7.3 billion people 2016- 9.7 billion people o Better access to clean water, food and health care Developing World o Nearly all of the population growth in the 21 century will happen in the developing world, the part of the world that doesn’t have the capacity to support them Most of population will be young, allowing for a growth in the labor force Developed World o 60 countries are not growing. Some populations are decreasing o Labor force is not increasing; population is older o Many countries are also aging The average age of the population is rising o These changes create pressures for immigration, which has stability implications o Countries like China, Russia, Japan, and Germany are predicted to decrease in population. India is growing exponentially. Nigeria, Pakistan, and Mexico will all growing substantially. Population Distribution Gender Imbalances o 160 million women and girls are missing Selective abortion, o More than 100 million women and girls are missing in Asia alone o Tremendous human and stability implications Domestic and international Prostitution, human trafficking, transnational criminal organizations Population Movement Urbanization o 1900- 5% of world lived in cities o 2007- 50% o Today- 55% o 2050- 66% o Challenges: food, water, sanitation, shelter, etc. Migration o Economic/social motivations o 1960- 70 million migrants o Today- 245 million o Implications: The challenges of sudden, massive population movements Brain drains Economics, Energy and the Environment Economic Development o Necessary and probable Energy & resource consumption o Without replenishing o Fresh water, energy, CO2 emissions and industrial output have all increased exponentially o No more resource buffers that were previously relied on Economic progress o Since 1990, the global economy has more than tripled o Economic growth has been a key to poverty reduction The number of people in extreme poverty has declined majorly Economic prospects o Global economy should double by 2037 o Key issues: China, Brexit, Middle East, oil/commodity prices, prospects for de-globalization o 2050- Rise of Asia China will pass the US- from 32-53% of world GDP India to #3 Indonesia into top ten- #4 Governance Decolonization o 1939- 1/3 of world lived under colonial rule
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