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Week 1 notes

by: Sophie Levy

Week 1 notes LGST 3010

Sophie Levy

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Legal/Ethical/Regul Busn
Sanda Groome
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sophie Levy on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LGST 3010 at Tulane University taught by Sanda Groome in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Legal/Ethical/Regul Busn in Business at Tulane University.

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Date Created: 09/05/16
Ch.  1   Thursday,  September   1,  2016 9:33  AM Laws -­ Every  law  has  to  be  constitutional   -­ Federal  vs  state  laws Arizona  v  US:  2012  (p  10) -­ Arizona  passed  acts  to  deal  with  immigration  problems,  expanding  police   authority  to  be  able  to  profile  people  to  prove  their  documentation   -­ US  department  of  justice  filed  against  Arizona  because  immigration  is  federal;   it's  unconstitutional   -­ US  won   Statutory  law  vs  common  law -­ Statutory  law:  law  that’s  written  down -­ Louisiana  is  a civil  law"  state,  meaning  it  gets  its  laws  from  statutes   ○ Most  countries  across  the  world  are  civil  law   -­ All  other  states  are  " common  law"  states,  which  get  their  laws  from  precedents   and  other  cases;  they  have  statutes  as  well   -­ Common  law  is  basis  to stare  decisis:  you  will  have  a  similar  result  with  similar   facts ○ Big  cases  that  get  to  the  Supreme  Court  get  their  because  courts  in   different  places  have  ruled  differently   -­ Statutes  will  tell  you  anything  you  need  to  know   Interpreting  the  law -­ You're  supposed  to  use  the  plain  meaning  of  the  –snot  realistic!   -­ Many  laws  don't  make  sense;  they  may  make  sense  when  they  were  written,   but  mean  something  completely  different  during  application   Administrative  law   -­ Agencies  pass  regulations,  similar  to  laws,  that  can  affect  any  one   -­ Agencies  are  formed  by  the  president,  who  puts  people  as  head  of  agencies  to   create  regulations  that  the  people  are  supposed  to  follow  as  law ○ Most  of  the  time–no  big  deal.  Sometimes,  people  find  issues  with  the  fact   that  the  president-­‐appointed  people  can  create  laws -­ Agencies  pass  regulations,  similar  to  laws,  that  can  affect  any  one   -­ Agencies  are  formed  by  the  president,  who  puts  people  as  head  of  agencies  to   create  regulations  that  the  people  are  supposed  to  follow  as  law ○ Most  of  the  time–no  big  deal.  Sometimes,  people  find  issues  with  the  fact   that  the  president-­‐appointed  people  can  create  laws Criminal  law  vs  civil  law -­ Criminal  law:   ○ Parties  are  the  state  and  the  defendant   ○ Jail  time,  death  penalty,  and  your  rights  are  at  stake   § You  can  lose  certain  rights  immediately,  but  some  last  the  rest  of   your  life   ○ Burden  of  proof:  must  prove  guilt  beyond  reasonable  doubt   -­ Civil  law:  (in  this  context)  anything  that’s  not  criminal ○ Tort  law,  marriage  laws   ○ State  law   ○ Usually  suing  for  compensation  or  damages ○ Parties  are  corporations,  defendant,  etc.   ○ Burden  of  proof:  preponderance  of  the  evidence;  "more  likely  than  not" Substantive  law  vs  procedural  law   -­ Substantive  law:  gives  you  the  right;  tells  you  "how  high  to  build  the  fence" -­ Procedural  law:  tells  you  how  to  enforce  it;  "which  court  do  you  take  the  case   to"   Equitable  remed y:  a  remedy  that  is  not  money -­ An  injunction:  is  filed  when  you  want  the  court  to  stop  doing  something Public  law  vs.  private  law   -­ Public  law:  any  law  given  to  us  by  the  government -­ Private  law:  law  between  two  parties;  like  a  contract   Ch.    2 Thursday,  September   1,  2016 10:12  AM Constitution -­ Made  up  of  the  preamble,  27  amendments -­ Bill  of  rights:  first  10  amendments   Article  1 -­ Powers  of  congress   -­ Control  taxes,  pass  any  laws  necessary  for  public  safety,  etc.   Article  2   -­ Executive  branch  (powers  of  president) -­ Treaties,  commander  in  chief,  executive  orders,  appoint  federal  judges   Article  3 -­ Judicial  branch -­ Creating  of  federal  courts,  conduct  judicial  review  (make  sure  every  law  passed   by  Congress  is  constitutional)   Alvarez  v.  United  States  2012 -­ Has  to  due  with  Stolen  Valor  Act  of  2005:  a  law  stating  that  you  can't  claim  that   you  received  a  medal  in  the  military  if  you  did  not –protecting  veterans   ○ In  response  to  politicians  who  lied  about  this -­ Alvarez  was  an  individual  who  served  as  a  member  of  a  municipal  district  board   who  said  he  received  the  congressional  medal  of  honor ○ He  was  called  out,  plead  guilty,  but  challenged  the  law  based  on  free   speech   -­ He  has  the  constitutional  right  to  lie!   Commerce  Clause -­ Commerce  is  governed  by  legislature   -­ Can  be  upset  by  any  state  laws  that  hurt  interstate  commerce   -­ When  constitution  was  written,  there  was  not  a  lot  of  interstate  commerce!   -­ Ex:  specific  mudflaps  on  trucks  in  Illinoishurt  trucks  who  were  driving  through   Illinois     Bill  of  Rights   -­ First  amendment:  freedom  of  speech,  assembly,  religion,  press,  and  the  right  to   -­ When  constitution  was  written,  there  was  not  a  lot  of  interstate  commerce!   -­ Ex:  specific  mudflaps  on  trucks  in  Illinoishurt  trucks  who  were  driving  through   Illinois     Bill  of  Rights   -­ First  amendment:  freedom  of  speech,  assembly,  religion,  press,  and  the  right  to   petition  the  government  (complain)   ○ Not  without  limitations!!  


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