Week 2 Notes
Week 2 Notes psyc 166
Popular in General Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
PSYC 266 - 05
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Harty on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psyc 166 at Truman State University taught by Salvatore C. Costa in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Truman State University.
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Date Created: 09/05/16
PSYCHOLOGY (1879) I. 1879 is became its own science A. Wilhelm Wundt 1. Study of why people behave the way they do II. HEREDITY*TIME*ENVIRONMENT= DEVELOPMENTAL LEVEL III. Types of Psychologists A. Structuralists 1. Study of conscious experience B. Behavioralists 1. Watson, Pavlov, Thorndike 2. Watson is the MAIN GUY 3. Study of the behavior visible to the naked eye which the believed was determined by A Complex System of Independent Stimulus Response Comes C. Gestalt School 1. Max Wertenheimen, Koffka, Kohler, Perls came later on 2. The whole is worth more than a sum of its parts 3. As therapists, they are VERY confrontational IV. Famous Psychologists A. Edward Titchener 1. Very famous American Psychologist B. Sigmund Freud 1. Focused on 4 main basic principles a) Early Childhood Experiences b) Unconcious Motivation/Mental Process c) PsychoSexual Stages d) The Structure of the Personality C. B.F. Skinner 1. Behavior Modification 2. Behaviorist 3. Added to Watson’s ideas 4. Skinner Box a) His own daughter’s room was VERY similar to the Skinner Box b) Box training mice to act a certain way according to stimuli D. Piaget 1. Wrote everything in French 2. Focused on Child Development a) Cognitive Psychology E. Francis Galton 1. Functionalist 2. Human abilities/Individual Difference SIGMUND FREUD I. 4 Basic Studies A. Early Childhood Experiences B. Unconscious Motivation/Mental Process C. Psychosexual Stages D. The Structure of the Personality II. PsychoAnalysis A. Not as popular as it was 20 years ago 1. Too expensive 2. Long term treatment B. Now known as Psychodynamic Treatment III. Anything that was a body-satisfier was sexual IV. His followers wanted to lessen the sexual things A. Spiritual crisis B. Man’s nature V. Neo-Freudians A. Basics were still based on Freud’s B. Lessen the sexual driven ideas C. K. Horney, Erik Erikson, Eric Fromm, Carl Jung, Harry S. Sullivan, Alfred Adien, Dorothy Cantor VI. Freud discounted environmental influences than he should have according to the critiques VII. Psychosexual Stages A. Sex Driven 1. Sex and conflict in our culture contributes a great deal to our personalities B. Never an issue in the present times, but always an issue in the future C. Iceberg Theory 1. As each surface wears away, new stuff comes up to the surface D. Why sexual impulses vary from person to person 1. Attitudes 2. Enviornment 3. Physical makeup E. Early Childhood was a period of intense sexual curiousity 1. False Tales a) Brought into the world by storks b) Birth comes about through women’s intestines c) Women have male and female sex organs d) Women become pregnant by eating food such as watermelon 2. Conflict between sexual impulses and physical immaturity a) Possibility of relief causes more problems later on b) Relief Tactics:
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