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Hebrew Scriptures week 2 notes

by: stoutr

Hebrew Scriptures week 2 notes Theo 315

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About this Document

What is exegesis and how to do it. Beginning to analyze Genesis.
Intro to Hebrew Scriptures
Dr. Melcher
Class Notes
Hebrew Bible, Hebrew, jewish studies, scripture, bible, Jewish
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by stoutr on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Theo 315 at Xavier University taught by Dr. Melcher in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to Hebrew Scriptures in Theology at Xavier University.

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Date Created: 09/05/16
Genesis = “beginning” or “birth” (Greek)  Etiology ​= type of story that explains a beginning    The book of Genesis is divided into two sections; Ch 1­11 is cosmic origins, Ch  12­50 is Bible’s principle focus​.    ➔ Sequence of creation:  ◆ Day 1: light  ◆ Day 2: dome (Earth)  ◆ Day 3: land, plants  ◆ Day 4: heavenly bodies  ◆ Day 5: water animals and birds  ◆ Day 6: land animals, including humans  ◆ Day 7: divine rest; “Sabbath” = day of rest      Anthropomorphic ​= humanlike    Doing exegesis  Exegesis is a critical explanation and interpretation of a text  ​ Textual Criticism: We use textual criticism because there are many manuscripts  out there  ● Hebrew scholars use masoretic texts  ● “Versions” refers to different translations  ● P source (priestly) prefers genealogies  ​ Historical criticism:  a text is historical in at least two senses  ​ 1. History i​ n the text = the text itself narrates or relates about history. We can  draw conclusions about the conditions of the period during which the text  was produced.  ​ 2. History o​ f the text = concerns the story of the text rather than what the text  itself describes; why it was produced and what for  Exegesis points  Important note: In original manuscripts, there is no punctuation or chapter titles. The  meaning, as well as the beginning and end of stories, are arbitrary.  ● In the flood story, two stories are combined.  ● Rationally, for food purposes, Noah would have had to take more than two of  each clean animal. There had to be one male and one female so they could  reproduce, but he would also have to bring some to eat.  ● The use of “us” and “we” may evidence that Genesis was written at a time when  Israel was polytheistic  ● “LORD” (in all caps) is understood to mean “Yahweh”’ not a pronounceable word  in Hebrew because the name of God is too holy to be uttered. A translation that  uses “Lord” is probably J­source (Jahwist)   


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