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SOC 3970 Week 2 Lecture Notes

by: Abby Joannes

SOC 3970 Week 2 Lecture Notes SOC 3970

Marketplace > Clemson University > Sociology > SOC 3970 > SOC 3970 Week 2 Lecture Notes
Abby Joannes
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About this Document

These notes cover all lecture materials for the week of August 29
Substance Abuse
Professor Shannon McDonough
Class Notes
sociology, substance, Abuse
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Joannes on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 3970 at Clemson University taught by Professor Shannon McDonough in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Substance Abuse in Sociology at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 09/05/16
SOC 3970 Lecture Notes Week of August 29, 2016 August 30, 2016 & September 1, 2016 Lectures Reference PowerPoint: “Lecture 2 – A History of Drug Use”  Alcohol Consumption o 1790’s – 1919  Early 1800’s: drinking was part of everyday activities. It was very  integrated in life, both social and privately.  Grain alcohol was invented and people were very much unaware of the  increased concentrations.   The typically person would consume about 88 bottles of whiskey per year.  1830: high point in the nation’s alcohol consumption, after which drinking declined.   Why the decrease? o Mostly men were consumers, and social problems emerged  By the late 1800’s, scientific research starts to show that there are  unhealthy aspects of drinking alcohol.  o American Revolution  Alcohol was increasingly viewed as a cause of serious problems (a  scapegoat) o Temperance Movement  Temperance societies developed, as the social problems society was facing caused groups to form.   Lobbying Efforts – “Washingtonians” o Prohibition (1920 – 1933)  Alcohol tax was a huge revenue for the government. To combat, people  came up with income tax.   Anti­Saloon league  Why was Prohibition supported?  Income tax replaced alcohol tax  Social problems were associated with alcohol use  Scientific evidence showed that alcohol wasn’t healthy  Why was Prohibition eventually repealed?  Crime became more organized and profitable  There was the concern that there was a widespread disrespect for  Prohibition, and that there was lawlessness as a result  Enforcement was very challenging  Alcohol tax was a major set of revenue  Repealed by the 21  Amendment in 1933 o After Prohibition  Use of alcohol rose throughout the 1930s and early 40s, jumped during  WWII, and leveled off until the 60s.  nd  2  high point of alcohol use: 1979­1980. Drug use also increased.   This correlation shows that there may be a similar reason as to why people use drugs and alcohol.   Drug Use Trends Over Time o 1960s to 1979  Systematic surveys on drug use did not begin until the early 1970s  Retrospective estimates = calculations based on the recall of  interviewees and indirect indicators, or drug use during earlier  periods of time  The growing tolerant attitude was translated into legal policy during the  1970s  12 states decriminalized the possession of small quantities of  marijuana, but the 80s and 90s the laws got tougher again o 1980s to 21  Century  Two remarkable events happened during the 80s and 90s  After the high point of drug use in the 1970s, drug use dropped  dramatically during the 80s again.  o Was there a culture change?  During the early 1990s, drug use seemed to be on the rise again,  especially amongst youth o No real conclusion as to why o Currently: Declined trend in general, but opposite trends are being seen in 3  d World Countries.   Cigarette Use o Class Discussion: Why are anti­tobacco campaigns so much more effective than  other anti­drug campaigns? o Current Cigarette Use  Smoking is stigmatized and dangerous  Society has successfully educated its members on the effects of tobacco  use  Social


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