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by: Rachel Timlin

Chapter1Notes.pdf SOCI 201

Rachel Timlin
Salisbury University
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About this Document

These notes coincide with quiz 1
Social Problems
Dagmar Berry
Class Notes
social, roles, status, Culture, institution, beliefs, Perspectives




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Timlin on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 201 at Salisbury University taught by Dagmar Berry in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at Salisbury University.

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Date Created: 09/05/16
Thinking About Social Problems I. Social Problem: social condition that a segment of society views as harmful to people and needs remedy A. Arises from social experiences and media B. People have to believe it is harmful C. There must be public awareness to be classified A. Ex. civil rights, abortion, gun control II. Structure: the way society’s organized A. Organized into institutions, social groups, statuses, and roles 1. Institution: established pattern of social awareness a) 5 traditional institutions: family, religion, politics, economy, education III. Social group: 2 or more people w/ common identity to form social relations A. Primary group: intimate, informal interaction B. Secondary: task oriented, impersonal and formal interactions IV. Status: position in social group A. Ex. student, boss, daughter B. Ascribed status: society assigned, no control over 1. Ex. white, sr. citizen C. Achieved status: assigned by behavior, some control 1. Ex. graduate D. Master status: proud of status and active 1. Ex. first black prez V. Roles: set of obligations, guide behavior VI. Culture: meanings and ways of life that characterize a society, including beliefs, language, values, norms, symbols A. Beliefs: definitions abt what is assumed to be true B. Values: social agreements abt whats considered good or bad 1. Ex. heterosexism, sexism, and racism violate values of equality C. Norms: socially defined rules of behavior 1. Folkways: customs, manners, habits 2. Laws: formal norms backed by authority 3. Mores: have a normal basis 4. Sanctions: consequences of violating norms D. Symbols: rep something else 1. Language, gestures, objects understood by society 2. Ex. traffic signs, holy cross, arabic VII. Sociological imagination: developed by C.W. Mills, ability to see connections btwn personal life and social world A. Used to see dif btwn private and public issues to understand why VIII. Theoretical perspectives A. Structural functionalist perspective 1. Two types of functions a) Latent: unintended/hidden consequences b) Manifest: intended and commonly recognized 2. Social pathology: social probs result in “sickness” in society 3. Social disorganization: rapd scial change disrupts norms a) Anomie: normlessness b) Ex. a city rioting B. Conflict perspective: 1. groups competing for power and resources 2. Created by Karl Marx a) Said all societies should go through stages of economic development 3. Industrialization led to 2 classes a) Bourgeoisie: owners/means of production b) Proletariat: workers who earn wages 4. Two types of conflict theories in S.P. a) Marxist: social conflict from economic inequality b) Non-marxist: from competing values of dif economic groups C. Levels of analysis 1. Macrosociology: “big picture” and how S.P. are affected at institutional level 2. Microsociology: social psychology of individuals in a group D. Symbolic interactionist perspective 1. Blumer’s stages of a S.P. 2. Labeling theory: group/condition is viewed as harmful if it’s labeled as such 3. Social constructionism: reality is socially constructed by individuals who interpret the social world around them IX. Social problems research A. Stages 1. Formulative research questions 2. Review literature 3. Define variables 4. Formulate hypothesis B. Methods of data collection 1. Experiments 2. Surveys 3. Interviews a) Advantage: can clarify questions for respondents 4. Questionnaires: less time and $ than surveys 5. Web based surveys 6. Field research: observe in natural environment 7. Secondary data research: data that's already been collected by other researchers a) Readily accessible, but can be limited


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