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Renaissance to Modern Art Week1 notes Introduction and Early Medieval Italy

by: amanda Notetaker

Renaissance to Modern Art Week1 notes Introduction and Early Medieval Italy ARTH 2302 - 001

Marketplace > Texas State University > Art History > ARTH 2302 - 001 > Renaissance to Modern Art Week1 notes Introduction and Early Medieval Italy
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About this Document

These notes cover the Introduction into Renaissance to Modern Art History notes and notes from the second lecture over Early Medieval Italy.
Ren Mod Art
Kathryn B. Moore
Class Notes
Art, history, Renaissance, earlymedivalitaly, Lecture, notes, medival, Italy, giotto, fresco, painting, scultpure, saintfrancis, pisa, florence




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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by amanda Notetaker on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 2302 - 001 at Texas State University taught by Kathryn B. Moore in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Ren Mod Art in Art History at Texas State University.

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Date Created: 09/05/16
8/29/16 WEEK ONE LECTURE ONE PAINTING SLIDE 3 Cave paintings at Fascaux France • Ancient art form that had no impact on later centuries because it was buried so deep in caves. o Made in close proximity to ochre and goethite which was used continuously SLIDE 5 § Ochre: a family of natural earth pigments containing hydrated iron oxide, ranging in color from yellow to deep orange or brown § Goethite: source of brown ochre SLIDE 6 Caravaggio • Example of still using ochre (mixed with oil) SLIDE 8 Lapis Lazuli • Can be sculpted or ground up with oil, water or egg yolk (natural materials) • Mesopotamian and Egyptian art SLIDE 9 Vermeer, Girl with Pearl Earring is example of lapis lazuli mixed with oil SLIDE 10 Matisse, Woman with the Hat & Harmony in Red • Same materials have been used until the 20 century • Matisse example of so shockingly modern rejection of the use of lapis lazuli, very unnatural version of color used from industrial materials SLIDE 11 Warka Vase • Ground line: in paintings and reliefs, a painted or carved baseline on which figures appears to stand. • Register: one of a series of superimposed bands or friezes in a pictorial narrative, or the particular levels on which motifs are places. SLIDE 12 Giotto di Bondone, Arena Chapel • Example of ground line and register, story being told visually with ground line and register • Also using lapis lazuli and ochre SLIDE 13 Fresco • Fresco = fresh • Painting on lime plaster • First made in Egypt (dry fresco) [right side of slide] SLIDE 14 Bull-Leaping • First example of true fresco • Fresco became primary method of painting SLIDE 15 Tempera • Ancient roman • Tempera is pigment bound with egg yolk • Also became primary SLIDE 16 Birth of Aphrodite (venus) SLIDE 17 Sandro Botticelli • Was asked to create the lost painting ^ Birth of Aphrodite in tempera • Botticelli was able to study sculpture SLIDE 18 Venus de’Medici copy of lost bronze original o Almost exact copy o Inspiration comes from sculpture to fill in gaps SCULPTURE SLIDE 20 Earliest works of sculpture in the round and relief • Nude woman- limestone o Exaggerated features to illustrate fertility SLIDE 21 Cyclades Islands • Most unique to Europe/Western art = marble • Marble quarries at Carrara, Italy first opened during reign of Emperor Augustus o Until then marble was imported from Greece SLIDE 23 How sculpture (marble) was made as copies • Learned from ancient Roman work (Michelangelo, David) using same marble from the time of Augustus • Ancient Roman copies help survive many works that were on earth SLIDE 24 Contrapposto = Counterweight • “weight shift” usually hips and legs one way, shoulders and chest another • ideal balancing heavy weight of marble • kritios boy is the first example using contrapposto SLIDE 25 Peplos Kore • original sculptures were painted • example of sculpture in the round • rare work that shows traces of pigments SLIDE 26 Idea of bronze sculpture • bronze casting perfected in ancient Greece • usually found from ship wrecks o Warrior found from sea o Italian Renaissance knew bronze casting and tried to revive technique § Donatello, David- first since fall of Roman Empire that the technique was used SLIDE 27 • Example of how random preservation of art can impact • It was so famous in 1506 when marble copy was discovered in Rome o After discovered it changed how sculpture can be newly interpreted of body in action- muscles o Ancient techniques being used in Renaissance ARCHITECTURE SLIDE 34 Gothic o Florentine invented term^ to describe history of Europe o Believed they were undoing Gothic period SLIDE 35 Gothic arch o Gothic arch- pointed arch and rib vault o Pointed arch: an arch formed by the intersection of two overlapping arcs o Rib vault: a vault in which the fiagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton SLIDE 36 Opus Modernum o “modern work” SLIDE 37 Canon o behind the idea of gothic being barbarian o Leonardo Davinci illustrating classical arch o Italian Renaissance lost canon = proportion of human body SLIDE 38 Systems of orders refer to ancient Greece o Ionic = female o Doric = male o Vertical = column- proportion of human body SLIDE 39 First in ancient Egypt (columns) o When Roman empire fell it was a tradition that was lost (concrete) o Column- a vertical, weight-carrying architectural member, circular in cross- section and consisting of a base, a shaft and a capital o Capital- the uppermost member of the column WEEK ONE LECTURE TWO LATE MEDIVAL ITALY PISA o Independent republic o Founded in Ancient Rome o Center of Pisa is the Cathedral Complex, Baptistery and Campanile (focused on sculptures inside) o New kind of marble monument o SLIDE 6 Nicola Pisano pulpit: Reused columns, rectangular marble reliefs with Christ life story § Marble, high relief and Christian matter look to ancient Rome but with Christianity reliefs SLIDE 8 Notice Mary carved in high relief and reclined SLIDE 9 Corner Figure o Nude male/female form was abandoned because it was connected to idolatry o Very high relief was first sign of renaissance content with Christian content o Stands for fortitude triumphant over beast SLIDE 10 Sarcophagi o Was concentrated along cemetery Camposanto, Pisa “Holyfield” o Becomes a setting for fresco cycles SLIDE 11 Triumph of Death o Scale/ambition and complex narrative makes it Florentine FLORENCE o Other great republic SLIDE 23 Cimablue & Giotto o Always using tempera on wood o Depicts Mary as queen of heaven o Typical form- massive wood o “Altarpiece”- a panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar o Mary in blue surrounded by angels SLIDE 27 Cimablue o Angels float, Mary flattened out o Late Medieval SLIDE 27 Giotto o Creates first altarpiece in Renaissance o Takes basic type but angels overlap, stand in a place, Mary had mass and weight, fully rounded figures, softened, round, human SLIDE 30 Franciscans o Powerful orders centered on Saint Francis o Embraced use of images o Different take on altarpiece SLIDE 31 Altarpiece o Usually relates to status of Saint Francis o Showed his special status after his death as “2 Christ” o Displaying his stigmata, had one robe (all his followers wore), tells story surrounding him SLIDE 32 Francis preaching to the birds o Franciscans = naturalism o Close observation to natural world o No longer bold background, o Ex: depiction of tree instead of idea of tree SLIDE 41 Padua o Giotto most important fresco cycle SLIDE 42 Arena Chapel o Wealthy family had commissioned Giotto to paint the life story of Christ & Mary o Tried to makeup for sins of having so much money


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