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Anthro Week 1

by: Holly Sommers

Anthro Week 1 ANTH 2102

Holly Sommers
CU Denver
GPA 3.4

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About this Document

First weeks lecture
Culture and the Human Experience
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Sommers on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 2102 at University of Colorado Denver taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Culture and the Human Experience in Anthropology at University of Colorado Denver.


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Date Created: 09/05/16
Week One Lecture - Sir Edward Tylor (1871) - Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capability and habits acquired by man [sic] (people) as a member of society - James Peacock (1986) - Culture is the taken for granted but powerfully influential understandings and codes learned and shared by members of a group Culture is learned, not biological, understand it through family Meaningful, may be arbitrary but real Systematic, have systems (for example, everyone votes in USA) Symbolic code: something stands for something else, (ex. US flag stands for freedom) Shared community, children know, everyone knows the rules Natural taken for granted habits (things are just done a specific way) All-encompassing Constraining restricted actions, social repercussions enabling once the frame is there, creativity inside, uncertainty without framework Contested social norms (marriage), resist change, politics, difference, children etc. Adaptive to social norms, different circumstances and cultures Dynamic constant change, culture change, environmental, war Diffusion ideas from other places, contact Acculturation cultures come in contact (different cultures), adapts to different cultures and join Independent invention invented in a specific culture, ed. domestication of animals, agriculture Charles Lyell (1797-1875) - geologist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) - ‘survival of the fittest,’social darwinism, political theorist -affirmed what colonialism had done already Lewis Henry Morgan (1818-1881) Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917) - unilinear evolution - Morgan: savagery, barbarism, civilization - Tylor based on technology and religion - together they thought there was a psychic unity of mankind Franz Boas (1858-1942) - founder ofAmericanAnthropology (was raised in Germany) - felt that all aspects of anthropology should be taught together Ethnocentrism - judging another culture by the standards of your own Boaz said that we needed to use cultural relativism (need to get to know author culture on their own terms) Historical particularism - have to pay attention to history to understand the current culture


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