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A&P: Exam 1_part 1

by: A Jones

A&P: Exam 1_part 1 Bio 202

Marketplace > College of Charleston > Bio 202 > A P Exam 1_part 1
A Jones
C of C
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Human Anatomy
Class Notes
Anatomyandphysiology, anatomy, Physiology, Biology




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by A Jones on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Bio 202 at College of Charleston taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views.


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Date Created: 09/05/16
9/7/2016 Test 1 | Evernote Web Test 1 Quizlet:­1­flash­cards/ Chapter 16 Which of the following cranial nerves does NOT carry taste impulses to the brain?: trigeminal nerve (FGV Do) What is the first event that results in vision in rods? : light hits rod cells The specialized cell extensions of hair cells that will stimulate neurons for hearing are called : flagella Where are the ear stones found?: labyrinth, a cavity in the temporal bone, is divided into three sections: the vestibule, the semicircular canals, and the cochlea Correct sequence in the propagation of sound waves through the ear 1. Auricle 2. External acoustic meatus 3. Tympanic membrane 4. Malleus 5. Incus 6. Stapes 7. Oval Window 8. Perilymph of Scala vestibuli 9. Endolymph of cochlear canal 10. Basilar membrane 11. stereocilia 12. Perilymph scala of tymponi 13. round window The oval window is connected directly to which passageway? : scala vestibuli of the cochlea Given these areas of the retina, 1. macula 2. fovea centralis 3. optic disc 4. periphery of the retina.: 2,1,4,3 Which structure is part of the fibrous layer of the eye? sclera All of the following are correct: Cochlea ­ hearing vestibule ­ static equilibrium semicircular canals ­ angular or dynamic  rotation Loudness of sound has to do with amplitude or intensity of sound waves and of hair cells stimulated whereas pitch is determined by the frequency of the sound waves.  Static Equilibrium is detected in the vestibule Dynamic or rotational equilibrium is detected by the saccule and utricle and  in the semicircular canals. The process of blood cell formation is called : Hematopoiesis. Red blood cells transport carbon dioxide bound to the : amino groups of the globin protein. What will the kidneys releases In response to low oxygen levels in the blood? : Insulin Which of the following leukocytes releases histamine and heparin? : basophil What white blood cell's main function is to attack parasitic worms?: eosinophil Which pathway of blood clotting involves factor X, factor V, platelet phospholipids, and Ca2+?: Intrinsic A floating blood clot that breaks loose from inside a blood vessel is called a(n) : embolus What condition may develop when a Rh­negative mother has a second Rh­positive fetus? : Both erythroblastosis fetalis and hemolytic disease of the newborn are correct.­3686­407c­be9f­4c372fc93ff1&b=7fa5e844­aacc­4853­bd15­626a4c458d58&ses=4&sh=1&sds=1/4 9/7/2016 Test 1 | Evernote Web Chapter 18­heart­anatomy­vessels­valves­and­chambers­oh­my Red blood cells have a ___ : nucleus A person with type A blood: will have a transfusion reaction if given type B blood,  has anti ­ B antibodies , has type A antigens One of the functions of eosinophils is to: attack parasitic worms. Basophils usually play a bigger role in:  allergic reactions. What regulates RBC production?: erythropoietin Erythropoietin: is a hormone that enhances erythropoiesis by stimulating the formation of proerythroblasts and the release of reticulocytes from bone marrow. What triggers erythropoietin production by the kidneys: decreased blood oxygen platelets are cell fragments of a cell in bone marrow known as: a megakaryocyte When does Rh factor present a problem?: When mother is Rh negative and baby is positive. It could result in hemolytic disease of a newborn. Both extrinsic and intrinsic lead to the common pathway which starts with activation of Factor X which converts prothrombin to thrombin and in turn. How does fibrin work?: converts fibrinogen to fibrin to form the patch ­ clot over the platelet plug. Fibrin is NOT a clotting factor If a thrombus or undesirable clot forms it can lead to: an embolus if it breaks from the vessel where it formed. This is dangerous because it can cause an infarct or blockage­ if this happens in the lung, brain or heart the consequences are very serious! There may be times the patients you see may have this as a concern. Chapter 19 ESV=EDV­SV SV= EDV­ESV End Systolic Volume= End diastolic volume ­ stroke volume Cardiac output (CO) Amount of blood pumped by a single ventricle in one minute Heart rate (HR) : number of beats per minute Stroke volume (SV) : volume of blood ejected during one beat HR x SV = CO E.g., at rest HR 75 beats/min; SV 70 mL/beat CO = 5250 mL/min (5.25 L/min) Total blood volume about 5 L total blood volume pumped through circulation every minute Frank­Starling Law: as volume increases,the heart wall increases resulting in increased stroke volume­3686­407c­be9f­4c372fc93ff1&b=7fa5e844­aacc­4853­bd15­626a4c458d58&se2/4&sh=1&sds=5&


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