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Week 1 Notes-BIO111

by: Makayla Mohrbach

Week 1 Notes-BIO111 BIO111

Makayla Mohrbach
GPA 4.0
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About this Document

These are the notes that I took during the first week of class :)
Foundations of Evolution and Diversity
Dr. Kevin Pangle
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Makayla Mohrbach on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIO111 at Central Michigan University taught by Dr. Kevin Pangle in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Evolution and Diversity in Biology at Central Michigan University.


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Date Created: 09/05/16
Biology 111: Foundations of Evolution and Diversity September 1, 2016 o Identify the unifying themes of biology. o Explain the importance of the unifying themes of biology. o Relate the organization of living systems from molecules to the biosphere o Define the science of biology o Describe the basic demands faced by living organisms o Explain why viruses are not considered organisms o What is life and how is it studied? o Basic demands faced by all living organisms:  Reproduction/replication/growth  Store/transmit information  Processing/use of energy  Evolution  Must be made up of cells o The 3 greatest unifying ideas in science that laid the groundwork for modern Biology: o The Cell Theory o The Theory of Evolution o The Chromosome Theory of Inheritance o The unifying ideas addressed the three fundamental questions of: o What are organisms made of? o Where do they come from? o How is hereditary information passed down? o Organization of living systems (smallest to largest): o Atom o Molecule o Organelle o Cell o Tissue o Organ o Organ System o Multicellular Organism o Population o Community o Ecosystem o Biosphere o What about viruses? o They are not living  Can’t create macromolecules  Can’t replicate by themselves o What is biology? o The study of life o What is science? o A process by which we can gain an understanding of nature o Must be obtained by the scientific method o An outcome o Not necessarily humane o What isn’t it? o Something that isn’t obtained using the scientific method o Anything that extends the bounds of science o Ethics is not science- science is free of emotion o Subjective thinking September 2, 2016 o Explain how complex molecules can be built from many atoms by covalent bonds. o List the important elements found in living systems. o Describe the four major macromolecules that act as the building blocks of life. o Scientific Method o Make observation o Define problem/question o State hypothesis (educated guess) o Design a test of the hypothesis (experiment) o Gather and analyze data-was the hypothesis supported or refuted?  Regardless of the outcome, it leads to more observations and more questions and the cycle starts over (page 16&17 in book is a good reference) o Hypothesis vs. Theory o Hypothesis -educated guess based on observation-basis for experiment-must be testable, falsifiable o Theory -general explanation of a natural phenomenon that has been tested repeatedly and never been proven wrong-supported by a large body of evidence o Building Blocks of Life o What is the most basic level at which Biology is studied?  Atoms. Smaller than cells, tissues, and organisms. o What is life made of?  ATOMS  (Show basic structure of atoms)  Categorized according to size as elements in the periodic table  Atoms form bonds to create molecules  Covalent- strong bond formed when atoms share electrons o Simple Molecules-Monomers  Amino Acids  Nucleotides  Fatty Acid  Monosaccharides o The process of linking monomers together is called polymerization  Dehydration reaction: synthesizing a polymer-creates water  Hydrolysis: breaking down a polymer-loses water o Monomers and Polymers chart (on phone)-four major macromolecules on the polymer side


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