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PSY100: week 1 class notes 9/1/16

by: Lorren Roberts

PSY100: week 1 class notes 9/1/16 PSY 100

Marketplace > Central Michigan University > Psychology (PSYC) > PSY 100 > PSY100 week 1 class notes 9 1 16
Lorren Roberts
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Chapter 1: Introduction and research methods
Introduction to Psychology
Mark A Deskovitz
Class Notes
Intro to Psychology




Popular in Introduction to Psychology

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lorren Roberts on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Mark A Deskovitz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 207 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Central Michigan University.


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Date Created: 09/05/16
Chapter 1: Introduction and research methods Origins of Psychology  Philosophy: ideas including interactive dualism and the nature­nurture issue, limited to  only intuition, observation, and logic o Interactive dualism: relationship between mental activity and the brain o Nature­nurture: focusing on both environmental factors and genetics  Physiology: studies in biology of the functions of living organisms (humans) o How the human brain relates to behavior o Scientific methods used in answering behavior and mental process questions  Wilhelm Wundt: credited as the founder of psychology, established the first psychology  research lab  Edward Titchener: student of Wilhelm Wundt, developed approach of structuralism o Structuralism: break down and study of conscious experiences­ basic and complex  William James and students: first American psychology professor (Harvard), developed  approach of functionalism o Functionalism: purpose or function of behavior and mental experiences o Students including G. Stanley Hall, Mary Whiton Calkins, Margaret Floy  Washburn, and Francis C. Sumner became prominent American psychologists  Sigmund Freud: unconscious psychoanalysis o Theory of personality based on the causes of unconscious behavior  John Watson: developed approach of behaviorism­ scientific investigations focusing only on overt behavior o Overt behavior: behaviors that can be observed, measured, and verified o Behaviorism: study of overt behavior­ pertaining to the process of learning  Carl Rogers: developed approach of humanistic psychology o Humanistic psychology bases off of the conscious experiences of clients o Emphasizes self­determination, free will, and choice of human behavior Contemporary Psychology (major perspectives)  Biological: study of behavior based on physical aspects including the nervous system,  endocrine system, immune system and genetics­ specifically neuroscience (nervous  system and the brain)  Psychodynamic: explaining the dynamics of behavior based on the importance of  unconscious influences, early life experiences, and interpersonal relationships  Behavioral: how observable behaviors can be modified by environmental causes  Humanistic: based on a person’s self­concept, choice, and self­direction to grow  psychologically  Cognitive: how mental processes affect behavior including how we process and  remember information, develop language, problem solve, and think  Cross­Cultural: study of differences in cultures and how the influence of culture affects  behavior  Evolutionary: how the principles of evolution can explain psychological behaviors and  processes­ referring to Charles Darwin and natural selection Specialty Areas  Biological: relationship between psychological processes and the body (look back at  major perspectives)  Cognitive: mental processes (look back at major perspectives)  Experimental: research focusing on but not limited to processes, principles of  learning, emotion, and motivation  Developmental: physical, social, and psychological changes that occur through a  person’s life­ what’s appropriate for certain ages  Social: how people behave in different social environments­ alone vs. in a group  Personality: study of characteristics that makes a person unique and how they are  developed  Health: role of factors in development and prevention of illness treatment in areas  including stress and coping, psychological factors and physical health, and health­ enhancing behaviors  Educational: school settings­ how people learn  Industrial/organizational: business setting­ relationship between people and work  Clinical: causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of behavioral and emotional  disorders­ treating patients


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