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Week 2 notes

by: Ranayzia Notetaker

Week 2 notes Soc 3600

Ranayzia Notetaker
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These are notes from week 2 of classes
Nicole kaufman
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ranayzia Notetaker on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 3600 at Ohio University taught by Nicole kaufman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at Ohio University.

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Date Created: 09/05/16
Soc 3600 Week 1 topics  Course overview  Defining crime and deviance  Social Constructionism and crime Soc Week 2 Monday, August 29 th Social construction key points  There is no world independent from the mind and the social categories of us.  Purpose of social science is this “deconstruction” for the purpose of analysis and explanation.  We can analysis language and the symbolic elements of social life in order to reveal it. The social constructionist perspective  There is no difference between  Questions about what is- ontology  Question about how we know what is – epistemology  Put differently; they do not claim that anything in the material world really exist, it’s more important who says something exist, why they do so, and how this is communicated. Questions from the readings  Did you feel the authors supported a social constructivist perspective?  -No (Class Answer, Pros & Cons of predictive policing)  Did they argue that crime is not a real, entity that the idea of crime is a entirely made up by powerful people? Claims About crime (Class Discussion)  Crime is like a disease  We can intervene  Crime is concentrated among a small % of people in Chicago st  Many kind of crimes of 1 mentioned online  A school shooter had troubling post in a week before the shooting actually happened  Young: most people are okay with companies spying on them online for public health reasons researched done)  Patel: there is a high concern about over policing and surveillance of minority communities  Young: rapists, school shootings & drunk drivers leave digital signs in advances of crimes, like texts, tweets, and status updates that can be used to intervene and stop crimes from occurring. Realism in the Social Science  The purpose of social science is to reveal the underlying structures of the social world in order to explain I in a way that is consistent with data.  There is a world independent from the mind and the other categories of social classifications  Some entities really do exist, we can know what they are and find the truth in theories that explain them (Ex. Auto theft)  Claims about the world can be wrong and proven wrong  How? Counter evidence can be assembled  Data could be direct observables, data could be based on things that are only indirectly observable (like racism, sexism)  Good theories, can uncover casual processes, explain many cases (wide scope) based on many observations, could be based on a small number of assumptions. Realist Perspective  A somewhat related but not entirely the same position is positivism  The purpose of social science as developing laws that cover wide areas of social life and making predictions  Reliance on direct observations  Treats social and natural world as both subjects to predictive laws  Some relist are positivist (Ex. Young) Realist Condense -> (Class definition)  Theorist and claims backed up by crime st Wednesday, August 31 Data  Define?  Observations based directly or indirectly on something or someone, visual or used with other senses. Big questions  All data has strengths and limitations  Who’s represented in the data? Who’s missing?  What’s included? What’s missing?  Goals of people who collected the data influence the data they collect Narrative  A form of data about crime  The story of an individual’s life in their own words  Written or spoken  Usually the person picks the topics that are important to them, and choose the medium  May be told through another person Weaknesses  The weaknesses of all data  You have to present it a certain way for people to feel what you’re going thru  Not all audiences understand the context of your narratives Friday, September 2nd Class Discussion  Would you trust the official rape rate presented in this crime clock from the FBI in 2012?  People definitions are all different  Not all rapes are reported  Jurisdictions (police & FBI) are different in how they report rapes, and their definitions of it  If you word it differently in surveys, you have a different array of data  Not every report is taken seriously  Day of the week matters, time of the day matters to. Why does it matter if police report on the incidence of rape is accurate? (Or why do crime statistics matter?)  Changes in behavior  Resources in things to do  Changes in things to do around campus  Impacts on college campus & communities  Having sexual assault nurses on hand  Could make people less safe UCR: Uniform crime reports  Nearly all LE agencies participate  Law enforcements submits data to the FBI  Uniform definitions of crimes, even though state laws very  These are summary statistics – a total of all reported FBI UCR summary data  Focuses on offences that occur within the same time and place  Collects the following info on the eight major types of offenses.  The FBI also collects data on additional crimes The 8 FBI index crimes Criminal homicide  The willful killing of one person by another (murder & non negligent manslaughter)  Manslaughter by negligent Rape  The carnel knowledge of a female (intercourse only female victims)  Forcibly (consent is not the issue)  Against her will (she had to resisted)  Rapes by force and assault regardless of age Rape definition changed in 2013  Penetration, any body part Robbery  The value of taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody or control of a person by force. Aggravated Assault  The purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury  Typically involves a weapon Burglary (B&E)  The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft  Attempted is included Larceny – theft (Except motor vehicle)  The unlawful takin, caring, leading riding away of property  Includes attempted theft  But not  Embezzlement  Check fraud  Forgery Motor vehicle theft  The theft or attempt of a motor vehicle  Not a motor boat, train car etc. Arson  Burning a structure or other property  Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to deferred a dwelling house, public building. Motor vehicle etc. UCR Data  Answers questions like what weapons were used in the 488 murders in Ohio in 2011?


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