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Art Appreciation Lecture Notes - Week #2

by: Alexandra Furman

Art Appreciation Lecture Notes - Week #2 1300

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > Art > 1300 > Art Appreciation Lecture Notes Week 2
Alexandra Furman
GPA 3.66

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About this Document

During this week's lectures, Professor Gomez-Miraval finishes up on the qualities and functions of line and begins to explore shape, mass, and light.
Art Appreciation
Davinia N Gomez-Miraval
Class Notes
guggenheim, Pollock, o'keeffe, outline, contour, implied, line, actual, hatching, cross-hatching, shading, modeling, texture, movement, direction, geometric, organic, shape, mass, light, matisse, trinity, da, vinci, Rafael, figure, Ground, Relationship, Reversal, form, closed-form, open-form, value, neutral, translation, highlight, graduations-of-value, darkest-value, shade, tone, tint
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Furman on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1300 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Davinia N Gomez-Miraval in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Art at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 09/05/16
Art Appreciation – 1300 August 30 , 2016 Professor Gomez-Miraval Lecture Notes KEY PEOPLE KEY VOCAB KEY INFO KEY PLACES Qualities of Line Cont’d 1. Directionality: - One last example of Curved Line: o Guggenheim Museum in NYC, built in 1959, cone shaped (considers the fluidity of movement), has no stairs…instead a wide ramp was built and utilized as exhibition space to both combat the large amounts of visitors and the disabled  Due to Jackson Pollock moving the center of art to NYC, they needed museums to accommodate the large number of visitors that came to view art 2. Hard Line: a. Defined, mostly clean, has a clear beginning and end, usually made with one single stroke b. Also known as the “male” line c. Ex: Georgia O’Keeffe’s Winter Road 1963 i. Hard, curved, actual line 3. Soft Line a. Hesitant, varied, broken down b. Also known as the “female” line Functions of Line 1. Outline and Contour a. Outline: i. Defines the figure/shape, lineate the figure ii. Not a lot of detail, small shapes or lines, etc. iii. ALWAYS composed of actual lines (whether hard or soft) 1. Actual lines are used to show characteristics b. Contour: i. Shows the edges of the things ii. ALWAYS composed of implied lines iii. You will see this in 90% of artwork 2. Shading/Modeling a. Looking for the illusion of three dimensionality seen through shadows and light b. Parts of the artwork in front of or behind other objects show depth c. There are two techniques to execute shading/modeling: i. Hatching 1. Creating semi parallel lines 2. Lines closer together convey shadow 3. Lines farther away convey openness ii. Cross Hatching 1. Crossing of the semi parallel lines 2. Follows same trends as the hatch technique 3. Lines closer together convey shadow 4. Lines farther away convey openness 3. Texture a. Something tangible that you can feel with your hands, tactile b. Suggested by the line characteristics i. Lines can imply skin qualities in artwork concerning humans 4. Direction/Movement a. In nature, look for lines in the landscape and foreground b. Movement is shown by diagonal lines i. Diagonal lines can also imply instability c. Direction is shown by horizontal lines Shape 1. Shape is a two dimensional area with identifiable boundaries 2. There are two categories of shape: a. Geometric shape i. Due to its angles and sharp edges, Clean, Perfectly defined ii. Circle is an exception…it falls somewhere in between the two categories; because its curve implies movement, it is also considered organic iii. Supremacism = belief that the supreme shape is the rectangle b. Organic shape i. No sharp angles, curved, devoid of sharp angles 3. Henri Matisse (1869-1954) a. To him, making art was a central part of his being…even when he was sick and disabled; he tried his best to continue to make art b. Used the cut-out technique: cutting shapes from paper and arranging them 4. Implied triangular shape a. Used during the time of the renaissance to express the religion of Christianity b. The triangle, in Christianity, represents the holy trinity: God, the father, and the holy spirit c. When a triangle is present, it can show that God is present th (end of lecture for Aug. 30 ) Shape Continued 5. Just like line, shape can be both actual and implied a. Many of Da Vinci’s works include organic shapes (due to the human body) but the placement of their bodies establishes an implied triangular shape b. Rafael is more forward with implied triangular shape in his works (more so than Da Vinci) i. Rafael could have surpassed both Da Vinci and Michelangelo if he hadn’t died so early on in life ii. He died of syphilis at age 30 6. Figure and Ground a. Figure-Ground relationship i. Figure = the shape ii. Ground = whatever is around the shape, the area where shapes (figures) reside b. Figure-Ground Reversal i. When the ground and the figure interchange places ii. Ex: Faces and Vase artwork 1. When you see the faces (figure), the vase is implied (ground) 2. When you see the vase (figure), the vases are implied (ground) iii. It is possible to have both reversal and relationship in the same artwork Mass 1. Mass – a three dimensional object that exists in space 2. Form – objects that have mass a. If it is an illusion of space, it’s a shape NOT a form (shapes are 2D, forms are 3D) b. Only sculptures, metal work, and things that can actually take up 3D space can have mass and be called form c. There are two types of forms: i. Closed forms 1. Solid, compact, self- sufficient, hard, and have no distractions 2. Ex: Olmec Head a. Found SE of Mexico b. ~13ft tall, made of volcanic rock, weigh 25 tons, doesn’t have any holes in the form ii. Open Forms 1. See through, has distractions, may or may not be self-sufficient, has to include open spaces 2. Could share many characteristics with closed forms, but if see through or has open spaces it is still classified as open Light 1. Value – the relative lightness or darkness of a color or neutral a. Neutral = black, white, grey, brown b. Translation – using relative value when converting an artwork from color into neutrals c. The more value there is in a composition, the more 3D it looks (if there is less value, it looks more flat or 2D) 2. Black and White a. Highlight = the lightest area of the whole composition b. Graduations of value = the in areas of the composition in between the highlight and darkest area c. Darkest value = the darkest area of the whole composition 3. Shade – adding black to a color 4. Tone – adding grey to a color 5. Tint – adding white to a color a. PINK IS NOT A COLOR, IT IS A TINT!!!


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