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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natasha Nevel on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NURS 425 at George Mason University taught by Toulouse in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Comprehensive Health Assessment in Pre Nursing at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 09/05/16
Nurs 347 Patient and Caregiver Teaching Health promotion (what we are trying to do to be healthier) increasing ‘PO’: By mouth fluid intake, hygiene Disease prevention screenings, immunizations, hand washing Illness management proper technique of taking meds (i.e right time) Every interaction = teaching moment, meaning a teaching plan should always be established Assessment of patient’s ability, need, readiness to learn (are they open to learning, are they asking questions?, may ask for more info, body language) Identification of problems that can be resolved with teaching Establish goal, teach, evaluate (circle) Learning vs. teaching we do not to be taught everything to learn it Adult learning principals Selfefficacy promote patient’s ability to succeed on their own (in the hospital, there is often a feeling of lost control) Nurse Knowledge of what you’re talking about Being able to communicate, need to know how to explain something as if they’re in fifth grade (because there is language diversity, illiteracy), define vocab, have patients reiterate what they learn ( you are then completing the circle by evaluating), nonverbal cues, active listening Poor prognosis: the outcome is not good Number 1 challenge to teaching is lack of time, make appointments, deliver/reinforce info, assertiveness, discharge teaching should be administered the day the patient is admitted Offer resources to caregiver, pay attention to them as well Assessing patient learning needs 1. Physical characteristics: (pain, hearing, fever, bathroom, Diuretic: diuresis: loss of excess fluids) 2. Psych: Poor prognosis, anxiety/depression, stress, worry 3. Sociocultural: Money, stoics 4. Learner characteristics Age is a major factor of ability to learn Health Literacy is different than general literacy, use pleasant assertiveness Normal vitals: Pulse 60100 bpm Respirations 1220 BP 120/80 Temperature 98.6 F
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