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Bio 106D, NOS 3, Week 2 Notes

by: Lydia Laws

Bio 106D, NOS 3, Week 2 Notes BIO*106*D

Marketplace > Elon University > Biology > BIO*106*D > Bio 106D NOS 3 Week 2 Notes
Lydia Laws
Elon University

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About this Document

These notes cover Nature of Science Lesson 3, which discusses "junk science", and how science is socially and culturally embedded.
Biology: The Science of Life
Kathleen Gallucci
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lydia Laws on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIO*106*D at Elon University taught by Kathleen Gallucci in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Biology: The Science of Life in Biology at Elon University.

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Date Created: 09/05/16
Nature of Science 3: Junk Science and Social/ Cultural Aspects of Science Junk Science: Similar to pseudoscience because it is another type of invalid science, but it occurs when gathering and interpreting data are not sufficient or supportive. The data is unreliable and incomplete.  Consider the following to determine junk science: o Certain evidence is ignored o The data is insufficient and unsupportive o Overall the data and analysis are bad quality o The correlation is faulty o The evidence does not converge o The experimental control is ignored o Poor peer review  An example of junk science would be the FDA trying to convince e-cigarette users that e-cigs are a danger to their health and well being because the liquid within e-cigs contains levels of carcinogen. o The FDA is only concerned with this one piece of evidence and believe it negatively effects all users. How is science socially and culturally embedded?  Knowledge in science is conducted from several elements, such as economics, politics, and different religions and philosophies. All of these have an affect on how people interpret science and how it will be accepted. Valid Science: In an experiment, validity refers to how well the procedures in the experiment lead up to the predicted results, or in other words, lives up to its expectation in the experiment. What makes a scientific study valid? If the study meets all the required criteria successfully it is considered valid.


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