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by: Claire Notetaker


Claire Notetaker

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Audiology notes
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Claire Notetaker on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at University of Cincinnati taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 09/05/16
1. Hearing mechanism includes the outer, middle and inner ear 2. Respiratory System is made of the lungs, diaphragm and chest muscles. 3. The classification of Speech and Language Disorders: Articulation, Language, Fluency, Voice, Resonance, Cognition, Literacy, and Hearing 4. The federal legislation of 1965- Elementary and Secondary Education Act. 1975- Education of all Handicapped Children 1986- Education of the Handicapped Amendments 1990- Individuals with Disabilities Act/ Americans with Disabilities Act 5. National Student Speech-Language Hearing Assoc. (NSSLHA): the preprofessional association for students interested in the study of communication science and disorders. 6. Personal qualities of effective professionals: Encouraging: the ability to encourage may be one of the most important qualities of clinicians. Encouragement helps people learn to believe in their potential for improvement. Emotionally stable: Most speech –language pathologists and audiologist are at least fairly well- adjusted people. Self-aware: Self-awareness is important to maintain esteem and self-realization. Self- awareness is important to maintain our emotional stability Patient: one of the hallmark characteristics of SLP and audiologists is patients; that is the ability and willingness to persevere during the often long, slow road to speech rehabilitation of our clients and patients. Sensitive to others: requires awareness of others, particularly the sometimes almost unobservable emotional responses to what is being said is what is happening in the person’s life. Empathic: SLP and audiologist attempt to understand the client from the clients point of view; that is, they try to understand what the person is thinking, feeling, and experiencing and communicate this understanding back to the client. 7. Evidence Based Practice is the integration of clinical expertise, best current evidence and client/patient perspective to provide high quality serves reflecting the interest values and choices of the individuals we serve. 8. What are the possible work settings for SLP and audiologist? SLP: acute hospital care, sub-acute hospitals, convalescent hospital, inpatient and outpatient clinics. Also industrialized countries have SLP job opportunities Audiologist: public schools, hospitals, clinics, private practice and industry 9. Function of the lips: hold food and liquid in the oral cavity during chewing, drinking, and swallowing. Also helps articulate speech 10. Function of tongue: taste movement of food while chewing and movement of liquid and food for swallowing 11. The left hemisphere is commonly referred to as the dominate hemisphere 12. The right hemisphere is important for the attention, orientation, emotions, and configuration. 13. The 2 hemispheres are connected by a large band of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum. 14. The temporal lobes are essential for the auditory process. 15. The function of Wernicke’s area is language processing. 16. The prefrontal cortex is involved in mental activities, such as; attention, judgment and problem solving. 17. Broca’s area controls speech and language. 18. Parietal lobes function: taste, touch, and pain. Speech. Visual Perception. 19. Occipital lobes function: Visual and special orientation 20. Cerebellum function: Fine Movement Coordination. Balance and Equilibrium. 21. Most sensory and motor impulses cross over at the level of the medulla. 22. The 2 components of the brain stem are the pons and the medulla. 23. What are the modalities of communication? Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing Ch.2 vocabulary ASHA: Clinical fellowship: A 36 week time or equivalent part time mentored clinical experience totaling a minimum of 1260 hours begun after all academic course work and university clinic training are completed, required by ASHA to be eligible for the certification of clinical competence Diagnosis: the determination of the type and cause and speech, language, cognitive, swallowing or hearing disorder based on signs and symptoms of the client or patient obtained through case history. Evaluation: the overall clinical activities designed to understand an individual’s communication abilities and disabilities before a treatment program is determined Scope of practice: ASHA delineation of the general and specific areas in which SLP and audiologist may engage with the appropriate and necessary education, training, and experience Therapy: the care of any significant condition to prevent, alleviate, or cure it Ch.3 vocabulary Abduct: the opening of the vocal folds away from the midline Adduct: the closing of the vocal folds toward the midline Arytenoid cartilage: a pair of pyramid-shaped cartilages that sit on the top of the posterior edge of the cricoid cartilage and rotate to open and close the vocal folds and pivot back and forth to help the change the pitch of the voice Cortex: the outer layer of brain tissue containing nerve cell bodies Decibels: A basic unit of measure of the intensity of sounds. One tenth of a bel Deciduous teeth: The set of 20 teeth that appear during infancy and early childhood with the front teeth appearing through the gums about 6 months of age. Diaphragm: a large dome shaped muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities and is the main muscle of respiration. Epiglottis: a large cartilage that is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom that is attached to the anterior edge of the cricoid cartilages and drops over the vocal folds Expiration: the process of breathing air out of the lungs Frequency: the number of complete cycles per second that the vocal folds vibrate Hard palate: the boney anterior 2/3 of the roof of the mouth that separates the oral cavity from the nasal cavity Inspiration: the process of drawing air into the lungs Intensity: the force with which vocal cords open and close, and the amount of air that escapes between the open folds Mandible: the lower jaw that is hinged to the temporal bone for opening and closing and contains sockets for the lower teeth Maxilla: the upper jaw that includes the hard palate and contains sockets for the upper teeth. Phonation: the vibration of air passing between the 2 vocal folds that produce sound that is used for speech Pitch: Resonance: the quality of the voice that results from the vibrations of sound in the vocal tract. Respiration: the movement of air into and out of the lungs that allow for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Thyroid: Uvula: the cone structure that hangs from the back of the soft palate, but has no known function. Voice quality: 12 cranial nerves page69 I. Olfactory: sense of smell II. Optic: sense of sight III. Oculomotor: movement of the eyeball; constriction of pupil in bright light or for near vision IV. Trochlear: movement of the eyeball V. Trigeminal: sensation in the face, scalp, and teeth. Contraction of chewing muscles VI. Abducens: movement of the eyeball VII. Facial: sense of taste; contraction of the facial muscles; secretion of saliva VIII. Acoustic: sense of hearing; sense of equilibrium IX. Glossopharyngeal: sense of taste; contraction of pharynx; secretion of saliva X. Vagus: sensation and movement of the heart, lungs, larynx, pharynx, GI tract XI. Accessory: Contraction of the neck and shoulder muscles XII. Hypoglossal: movement of the tongue and strap muscles


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