World civics ll week 1
World civics ll week 1 102
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kierra Thompson on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 102 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Andrew Weist in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 201 views. For similar materials see World Civilization 2 in History at University of Southern Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/05/16
Week 1 World civics Europe Capitalism (driver of revolution) Brand new modern economies Money comes from making colonies world wide Britain, Spain lead colonial powers Colonism (driver of revolution) Slavery (driver of revolution) Absolute monarchs o Kings have the power o Assigned value by your last name Middle class o Don’t value themselves like monarchs o Assigned value by how much money (accomplishments) o Have economic power but no political power *Middle class makes the money, kings spend it *Leaders were the middle class The Devine Right Theory st (1 idea) God chose her/him and gave them the power Church believed and backed them up o Roman catholic church nd Hobbes (2 idea) Wrote Leviathas o Mankind too nasty to rule itself 2 ways to look at people o Optimistic view world eventually get its act together (man image created by God) o Pessimistic view man destroys everything (matrix Theory) Geocentric Theory People layed out on starry nights to see what they’ll be Believed 7 spheres surrounded Earth Earth center of universe Church backed this idea Intellectual Revolution (Revolution of Ideas) Descarts, Renee (French) o Came up with “Don’t believe unless you can prove it” Francis Bacon o British o “Here’s how you prove it” o Invented the scientific method Observe & experimentation Hypothesis Thesis Galileo o Italian o Invented new way to look at planets “telescope” o Develeloped Helio centric theory 4 planets orbit the sun Earth also orbits Sir Isaac Newton o Universal law of gravitation o “principal” book with it in it Universe held together by physics Science, not God runs the universe Began the “Age of Reasoning” Philosophe o Political philosopher Boltaire o Wrote Candide o System we have isn’t right John Locke o Wrote an essay on the origin of human understanding o Wrote book on nature of mankind o Cndims we’re born as nothing and we’re what society makes o 2 book The Second Treatise on Gov Was no gov, man born in state of nature World became dangerous when it became too many people Man invented gov, & society for protection Social Contract Theory of Government People chose gov Sole purpose is to protect Popular Sovereignty People have the power Adam Smith o Scottish economist o Wrote the Weft of Nations Controlled economy least efficient way to run economy Best way is if you let the economy be free Laissez-Faire Law of supply and demand controls economy Leave people alone, all demands will be noticed and met If demand is too high and supply is low, prices go up Rousseau o Wrote the “Social Contract” Plagiarism of John Locke Book began with quote “man is born free” o Favors a republic gov. that doesn’t include a king o Calls democracy “The general will” *Britain has a parliament parliament controls money Why did the American Revolution start? Battle of Lexington and Concord o Grenville 1215 Magne Carte – poor English King John decide to have people pay taxes. Magne Carte was made in place of killing him of System of Beigne o Harmless neglect 1763 – seven years War Started in the colonists French & Indian war – French attacked o British kicked French out of the New world o Britain owned Appalachian mts after 7 year war o No longer needed Britain after 1763 Grenville program o Way to pay for the war o American not allowed to move wet of app. Mts Would start more wars with indiands Can keep in charge if contained o Stationed british army in App. Mts Colonist couldn’t go pass o Tax colonist Stamp tax every official document must be stamped Direct tax – you directly pay, no hidden cost Indirect tax- sales tax, everything you buy is taxed, tarifs import tax Britain collects all taxes Get the stamp at Congress 1. Colonist begged to remove tax for the Magne Carte reason “no taxation without representation 2. Colonist boycott all british goods (hurts middle class) 3. Britain repeal taxes Townshend Duties o Britain imposes tea taxes o Colonists appealed & boycotted o Violence breaks out between colonist and British Boston Massacre March 5, 1770 6 Americans killed o Chrispus Attaks was killed during free African American Colonist won again Lord North o Lowers the price of tea dramatically o Britain has a tea monopoly called Yeast Indian Company Slash tea prices to cut colonist out o Colonist start attacking tea ships Boston Tea Party George III o King o Passes the Intolerable Acts series of Laws Shutdown Boston Takes over Massachusetts Colonist can be put on trial
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