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Introduction to Anthropology 1240

by: Calhoun

Introduction to Anthropology 1240 ANTH 108

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These notes are typed, and very easy to follow. They cover the topics discussed in class.
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Dr. King
Class Notes
Introd to Cul Anthro
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Calhoun on Monday September 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 108 at East Tennessee State University taught by Dr. King in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.


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Date Created: 09/05/16
Anth 1240: intro to cultural Anth. Notes 8/25-30 Dr.King Culture and its concepts Culture : Everything humans have, think and do. - “Culture is acquired knowledge that people use to generate behavior and interpret experience as a member of Society (That share the same culture) Edward Tyler [Father of anthropology] He however never left England and all his information was second hand. He was considered very Ethnocentric (ethnic superiority) 6 Assumptions about culture - Shared - Learned - Based on symbols - Integrated - Dynamic - Adapted Shared (normative behavior is shared) - You cant have a culture of one. Culture is a group Culture Bound -The boundary of your culture World View - the way our culture views the wolrd Culture shock - A profound homesickness, feelings of anxiety and seclusion o Not having understanding Predictable Variations - Age - Gender - Subcultures o Different Ideals and behaviors compared to the society as a whole.  Exp: Amish can only marry other Amish, or be exiled/excommunicated Learned - Not genetic, food ways and language all learned. o How we learn  Enculturation: Learning how to live and be in our culture  Observation and mimicry  Emulation (moderation of normative behavior ..”Do as I say not as I do”  Technical Instruction (riding a bike, telling time, trying shoes)  Teachers of enculturation are named “agents of enculturation” or Fictive agents. [the telling’s of Santa, behave for a treat] o The three modes of Cultural transmission  Vertical  One generation to the next, grandparents to us.  Horizontal  Peers, friends, small information growth  Oblique  From one source to many. Newspaper, tv, YouTube. Symbols - Gato, cat. Ring on ring finger symbolizes marriage - Growing up around here you know the meaning of the US flag, nearly by heart. - The swastika, known by billions for one negative thing, has its origins in much more peaceful settings. It originated in Tebet, symbolized prosperity. The Navaho knew it as a representation of infinity, which predates world war 2. Integrated [intertwined, all tied together] - Linked changes; we make a single change, it can ripple. o WWII most men enlisted. First time females are havging to work outside the home, become wage earners. Education changes to accommodate, women marry later, few children, clothes change from dress to pants, tech changes(food/microwaves), divorce laws change affecting religions. o [ come up with an example of this, linked changes before exam, essay question] Dynamic - Changing all the time, not static o From using a watch to using a cell phone - Without change a culture dies, it stagnates - Duffusion o The sharing of culture traits from one culture traits to another.  5 Patterns of Diffusion. Selectivity o Certain things are accepted and adopted to the culture, improvements. Reciprocity o “an equation that’s reciprocal.” They’re equal, equal sharing in traits and goods. Modification o Decided to diffuse something then tweaking to fit “us” better. Exp; Food Likelihood o More likely to be adapted/diffused into our culture  Music, food, art, language  Has to do with duration and intensity of contact  How similar cultures are. Traditional methods of diffusion; forced migration, slavery, Acculturation; Being more receptive of another culture but still retaining your own. Assimilation; more forced change in culture, conquest, slavery, Enculturation; teaching a culture inside a culture. o Ethnic markers, ethnicity, genetic markers, race (homo sapien) o Theres no substitution for race and genetic markers o Ethnic markers- Deity, language, food, can all tie with genetic markers. Adaptive - Adaptation: The process by which one organism in influenced by their environment. Symbiotic Relationship. - Humans have adapted to live anywhere - Culture also adapts along with it. More positive behaviors are more readily accepted, than negative ones. - Adaptive behavior; is not smoking because you know its not healthy. - MALadaptive behavior is doing it anyway regardless of risk. o Universal  All cultures do it “finding food” as well as Body decoration. o Generalized  “some cultures do it , others don’t” some tattoo one another, others don’t. o Particular (societal traits)  Traditionally (singular cultural act) Borneo = Tattoos black circle on tongue when someone dies.


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