New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 2 9/7/16

by: Annalisa Lodes

Chapter 2 9/7/16 HSC 235

Annalisa Lodes
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Psychoactive Drugs

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Psychoactive Drugs notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Drug use and abuse
Psychoactive Drugs
Frank Snyder
Class Notes
Drugs, use, drug, Abuse




Popular in Psychoactive Drugs

Popular in Public Health

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annalisa Lodes on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSC 235 at Central Michigan University taught by Frank Snyder in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Psychoactive Drugs in Public Health at Central Michigan University.


Reviews for Chapter 2 9/7/16


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/06/16
Chapter 2 Explaining Drug Use and Abuse Sources to use: Addiction -complex disease -physical and psychological dependence Substance Use Disorders - Combines substance use and substance dependence into a single condition - DSM-5 - Used to diagnosis health issues - Not immediate Substance-induced disorders - Immediate effects of substance abuse - Immediate effects of discontinuing(withdrawal) Diagnosis of Substance Abuse Disorder -pharmacological (large amounts/ long period) - social impairment (not having time with life and work risky use of substance) -risky use of substance -withdrawal - tolerance - excessive time spent obtaining the substance Abuse vs. Dependence Substance Abuse -maladaptive (reduces one’s anxiety) -not true addiction Substance Dependence -psychological and physical dependence - continued use despite being aware of significant problems -true addiction *Endangers future of society by harming its’ youth What explains the continued use and abuse of drugs? Addictive, physical substance, makes people feel good Models of Addiction Moral model- belief that people abuse drugs because they choose to do so Disease Model- the way we currently think about addiction as chronic and progressive disease, biologically caused condition Example: Stud done in Sweden where adoption papers taken from children whose parents were alcoholics and children had issues with alcohol even though they were adopted Character/ Personality Predisposition Model -something gone awry with the personality during development that gives them addictive personality -personality disorders and substance abuse disorders are usually paired together *antisocial, borderline, schizoid personality disorder * Syndetic- 2 diseases that occur in a population (HIV and Substance abuse) Addiction as a “career” -series of phases 1. Experimentation or initiation 2. Escalation 3. Maintenance 4. Dysfunction 5. Recovery 6. Ex-addict Commonalities Among Addiction Theories: 1. Initial initiation and use of the drug 2. Patterned continuation 3. Transition to drug abuse 4. Attempts at cessation (stopping use) 5. Relapse Major Risk Factors for Addiction: -genetics -individual comfortable with using drugs by themselves -drinking on weekdays -how you cope with stress -other mental health conditions -alienation factors -abusive and/or neglectful parents -availability of drugs - misperception of peer norms regarding the extent of alcohol Adolescents -physical/sexual abuse -peer norms favoring drug use - conflicts dependence vs. independence, low self-esteem -electronic social media influences like photos of drinking -drugs viewed as a rite of passage


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.