Anthropology Notes Week 1
Anthropology Notes Week 1 Anth 1030
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Braig Duck on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 1030 at Ohio University taught by Amr Al-Azm in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in ANTH at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
Anthropology Notes – Week 1 – Notes 1 Five Features of Anthropology 1. Global in Scope 2. Bottom Up Approach 3. Ethnography 4. Structures of Power 5. Human Connectivity Four Fields of Anthropology 1. Cultural Anthropology – Present day people, culture defined as transmitted, learned behavior 2. Archaeology – Studies past human societies 3. Linguistic Anthropology – Studies the construction and use of language by human societies, language a set of written or spoken symbols, subfields Descriptive, Historic, Sociolinguistics 4. Physical Anthropology – physical or biological, evolution/primate behavior, closest to Chimpanzee. Applied Anthropology - War, Forensics, War Crimes, Natural Disasters, Terrorism Globalization - Interactions across the years are becoming more frequent - Only Intensity and Pace have changed “Time Space Compression” – used to refer to changes in transfer of information “Flexible Accumulation” – ability of people to be flexible in how they get profit (Use other countries for cheaper labor, materials) “Uneven Development” – uneven distribution of health, wealth, etc Key Dynamics: Adaptation ---textbook is fine, different editions are fine----- - A base cause of globalization is human adaptation - Biological adaptations – skin color - Cultural adaptations – technology - Technology transformation has been increasing rapidly Key Dynamics: Shaping the Natural World - While adapting, humans change their environments Culture - Can have different meanings - Often equated with distinct - a system of knowledge, belief, - Culture is not inherited, but learned Enculturation – the process by which humans encounter, learn, and produce culture. Animals (such as chimps) learn culture by observation CULTURE IS SHARED BUT CONTESTED Culture is a shared experience as a result of living in a group Four elements - Norms – normal behavior, cultural change can arise from breaking norms - Values - fundamental belief about what is good and bad - Symbols – complex systems of symbols and actions - Language – Means of communication, verbal or nonverbal Mental Maps - Mental maps are “maps” that humans construct of what kinds of people and things exist - We use them to distill our surrounding world - Classifies the world - Assigns meaning to classified world
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