DHS, Congress, Media, Lobbying
DHS, Congress, Media, Lobbying PSC 321
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday March 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 321 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Frazier in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 123 views. For similar materials see US National Security in Political Science at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/27/15
DHS Congress and the MediaLobbying Department of Homeland Security 0 Established after 911 0 Why est a Department of Homeland Security I US needed an agency that could coordinate with other agencies to manage terrorism threats I Before DHS was created 0 There was a lack of coordination bwn military and civilian authorities 0 Local state and federal levels of law enforcementsecurity had their own executives or bosses led to confusion and blurred responsibilities 0 National intelligene and law enforcement often had badinefficient interactions 0 FBI and local police did not have good relations 0 Key focus is on combating terrorism 0 Prioritize departments that deal with terrorism over other departments I Ex place more S and resources toward intel departments rather than FEMA I Does focusing on terrorism limit DHS s ability to be prepared for other types of security threats 0 DHS has a complex structure gt many agenciesdepartments that deal wvarying topics 0 DHS was created by taking away from the Department of Defense agencies that dealt with homeland issues terrorism intel natural disasters energy etc 0 Does large size inhibit effective coordination and security 0 DHS mission 0 Prevent terrorist attacks on US soil 0 Reduce US vulnerability to global threats 0 Minimize damage and ensure rapid recovery from attacks if attacks were to occur 0 Agencies win DHS TSA US Secret Service US Customs and Border Patrol Citizenship and Immigration FEMA Coast Guard Congress 0 s to think about What is the role of Congress in the National Security Process Does Congress even have a role in the National Security Process 0 Politics affects national security and national security affects politics 0 Divide bwn Democrats and Republicans has 0 created political gridlock o bogged down the national security process since consensus votes on certain issues cannot be reached 0 Congressional debates 0 Should US be isolationist or internationalist I Different ideologies among Congressmen can lead to inability to agree on foreign policy 0 Should US lead by example or be interventionist 0 US and international leadership What is the Constitutional mandate powers of Congress guaranteed by the constitution o 3 key mandates I Appropriation of funds I Declaration of war I Senate approval of treaties ambassadors and aides 0 Thus Congress can have I Influence through budgets committee reports foreignnatl security leaders choices media statements I Media manipulation I Leakage of information I Pressure Executive to focus on broad themes that might be problematic for specific relationships I Linkage politics in legislation I Change process which can affect outcomes 0 ex approval for special interrogation surveillance process for base closings Important parts of Congress for national security 0 Senate Foreign Relations House Committee on Foreign Affairs Armed Services Committees Homeland Security Appropriations House Oversight 0 Intelligence Wnational security the Constitution creates quotan invitation to struggle o struggle between executive and legislative branches to influence and hold primacy over national security affairs 0 So why does Congress often defer to the Executive on national security issues I Congressional challenges tend to be cyclical o Cyclical Defer influence over national security affairs to the executive during times of crisis but try to regain control over national security affairs during times of peace How important are Congressional staffers in contributing to national security 0 Issueselection o extent of contacts 0 relations with other staffs 00000 What is to be done about Congressional balances between national security and what s best for their individual constituencies o How to reconcile constituents interests wnational interest o Congressmen are always looking to be reelected so they have to consider things from a political standpoint do things that will not upset their constituents Lobbies 0 Behavior 0 Engagement and network development 0 Research 0 quotTalking point persuasion 0 Coordination of support within Congress to pressure Executive 0 Transparency 0 Requirements for disclosure I Lobby supporters I Monetary contributions to lobbies I Which lobbies support certain Congressional members 0 Four types of engagement for lobbyists o 1 Specific ventures o 2 Work against a possible policy option 0 3 Develop sympathy for bilateral relations between US and another entity 0 4 Support of broad policy objectives 0 What lobbies tend to be successful 0 Ones that build alliances o Ones wmoney o Ones with access 0 Ones that are successful with the media Media 0 Roles win national security process 0 Oversight of decisionmakers 0 Agenda setting gt influence what major issues should dominate the country s attention 0 Communication tool 0 Information provider 0 Filter gt can pick and choose which info to present to the public or leave out of stories 0 Media bias and its effect on national security 0 Some sources are credible while other are not 0 Which sources to believe and not believe 0 Media bias can cause people to be misinformed