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NDFS 1010

by: Maddy Hubbard

NDFS 1010 NDFS 1010

Maddy Hubbard
Utah State University
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About this Document

These are the first week of NDFS. This includes the origin of cacao.
History of Chocolate
Dr. Martini
Class Notes
chocolate, history, ndfs, 1010, historyofchocolate




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddy Hubbard on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NDFS 1010 at Utah State University taught by Dr. Martini in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.

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Date Created: 09/06/16
History of Chocolate How old is cocoa consumption? Over 2000 years old. Cacao is traced back to 1000 BC  Cacao alkaloids  • Theobromine • Caffeine  Izapan (600 BC­100 AD) • Ceramic spouted jars had theobromine  • Leads to us to believe they drank the cacao  Heavy consumers • Mayan (250 AD­ 9th century) • Hieroglyphs showing gods holding cacao pods and beans and grasping limbs  from cacao limbs.  • They too drank the cacao • Closely related to blood and sacrifices Carved vessels from elite in tombs and graves • • Chocolate paraphernalia found in tombs • Cacao beans and trees preserved/petrified under the ashes • Used as training money and commodity (at the end of the classic era) Consuming Chocolate: • drinks,powders,solid ik­al kakaw chilli cacao • • itsim­te: flavoring given to sweet potato stew • yutal: fruity flavor • Cold, Hot, or in­between • with maize = good calories Toltecs (10th century): merchants traveled long distances to deliver cacao north • 12th century: • Drink at a. maya rituals and banquets b. wedding ceremonies  c. drink together at social events Preparation: fermented and then dried chacau haa: hot water or hot chocolate tzune: cacao, maize, and sapote seeds  saca: cooked maize, water and cacao flavors: vanilla and ear flower consumer pulp: high in alcohol  Aztecs (1325­1521) Pochteca: Long distance trader (from xoconochxo to aztec empire) Octli­native drink, alcoholic drink made from agave            a.gave to elderly    Chocolate replaces octli because of alcohol content


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