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PSYC 1101 Week 1 Notes

by: Madeline Pearce

PSYC 1101 Week 1 Notes PSYC 1101

Madeline Pearce
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About this Document

From the first week of lectures - Aug. 15/17/19
Elementary Psychology
Trina Cyterski
Class Notes




Popular in Elementary Psychology

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Pearce on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Trina Cyterski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Georgia.

Similar to PSYC 1101 at UGA

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)


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Date Created: 09/06/16
Week 1 ­ Aug. 15/17/19 Notes  Contains: Chapter 1 Lectures The Science of Psychology ● Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes  ● Goals of psychology ○  Description ○  Explanation ○  Prediction ○  Control ●  human intuition and Common Sense are limited ●  There is no relationship between abused children and abusive adults ●  hindsight bias: “I knew it all along” ●  observations are carefully controlled and theories are rigorously analyzed History of psychology ● Structuralism ○ Wilhelm Wundt  opened the first psychology lab in Germany in the year 1879 ○  his goal was to analyze the  content of one's mind through  objective  introspection ○ Titchner ­  student of Wundt ○ Pioneered the  method of breaking  experiences into  emotions and  sensations ● Functionalism ○  William James ­ critic of structuralism ○  James focus on adaptation, living, working, playing ­ functioning  in the real world ● Gestalt Psychology ○ The whole is greater than the sum of its parts ○  people naturally seek out patterns ○  pioneered by psychologist Max Wertheimer  ● Psychoanalysis ○ Sigmund Freud ○  insight therapy for treating fear and anxiety ○  focus is primarily on the unconscious and early childhood ○ Priming effect ­ implicit memory effect in which exposure to one  stimulus influences the response to another stimulus ○ Weapons effect ­ people will act more aggressive when a  weapon is in close proximity in correspondence to the level of perceived danger  of the weapon ● Behaviorism ○  focuses on observable behavior only ○ Pioneered by John B Watson based upon the work of Ivan Pavlov ○ Classical conditioning ­ a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired; a response that is at first elicited by the second  stimulus and is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone ○ Operant conditioning ­ a learning process in which the likelihood of a specific behavior is increased or decreased through positive or negative  reinforcement each time the behavior is exhibited, so that the subject comes to  associate the pleasure or displeasure of reinforcement with the behavior ● Modern Psychological Perspectives ○ Bio physiological ○ Humanistic ○ Cognitive ○ Evolutionary ○ Psychodynamic ○ Behavioral ○ Cross­cultural ● Methods for describing ○  naturalistic observation ○  laboratory observation ○  case studies: intensive examinations of individual lives in  organizations ■  Kitty Genovese ●  murdered on street with many  bystanders, nobody came to her aid or reported suspicious activity ●  researchers discovered the  phenomena of the diffusion of responsibility ●  likelihood of intervention decreases  as population in area increases ●  now referred to as the bystander  effect 


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