PSYC 1101 Week 1 Notes
PSYC 1101 Week 1 Notes PSYC 1101
Popular in Elementary Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Pearce on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Trina Cyterski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
Week 1 Aug. 15/17/19 Notes Contains: Chapter 1 Lectures The Science of Psychology ● Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes ● Goals of psychology ○ Description ○ Explanation ○ Prediction ○ Control ● human intuition and Common Sense are limited ● There is no relationship between abused children and abusive adults ● hindsight bias: “I knew it all along” ● observations are carefully controlled and theories are rigorously analyzed History of psychology ● Structuralism ○ Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology lab in Germany in the year 1879 ○ his goal was to analyze the content of one's mind through objective introspection ○ Titchner student of Wundt ○ Pioneered the method of breaking experiences into emotions and sensations ● Functionalism ○ William James critic of structuralism ○ James focus on adaptation, living, working, playing functioning in the real world ● Gestalt Psychology ○ The whole is greater than the sum of its parts ○ people naturally seek out patterns ○ pioneered by psychologist Max Wertheimer ● Psychoanalysis ○ Sigmund Freud ○ insight therapy for treating fear and anxiety ○ focus is primarily on the unconscious and early childhood ○ Priming effect implicit memory effect in which exposure to one stimulus influences the response to another stimulus ○ Weapons effect people will act more aggressive when a weapon is in close proximity in correspondence to the level of perceived danger of the weapon ● Behaviorism ○ focuses on observable behavior only ○ Pioneered by John B Watson based upon the work of Ivan Pavlov ○ Classical conditioning a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired; a response that is at first elicited by the second stimulus and is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone ○ Operant conditioning a learning process in which the likelihood of a specific behavior is increased or decreased through positive or negative reinforcement each time the behavior is exhibited, so that the subject comes to associate the pleasure or displeasure of reinforcement with the behavior ● Modern Psychological Perspectives ○ Bio physiological ○ Humanistic ○ Cognitive ○ Evolutionary ○ Psychodynamic ○ Behavioral ○ Crosscultural ● Methods for describing ○ naturalistic observation ○ laboratory observation ○ case studies: intensive examinations of individual lives in organizations ■ Kitty Genovese ● murdered on street with many bystanders, nobody came to her aid or reported suspicious activity ● researchers discovered the phenomena of the diffusion of responsibility ● likelihood of intervention decreases as population in area increases ● now referred to as the bystander effect
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