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History 105 Week #2

by: Kathleen Sparks

History 105 Week #2 HIS 10500

Marketplace > Purdue University > History > HIS 10500 > History 105 Week 2
Kathleen Sparks
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

These notes cover the two lectures given in the second week. The material goes from the Portuguese Expansion to Slave Trade and the Expansion System.
Survey of Global History
Ariel De La Fuente
Class Notes
history, Global Studies, Purdue, History 1500s, Portuguese Exploration of Atlantic and West Africa
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathleen Sparks on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 10500 at Purdue University taught by Ariel De La Fuente in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Survey of Global History in History at Purdue University.


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Date Created: 09/06/16
Week #2 Contact, Commerce and Colonization:  Portuguese expansion (1400­1500) o Vasco de Gamma   Empire based on control of trading networks and not of territory or people  Brazil will inaugurate a new era in Portuguese colonialism  Key ports on the coast of south/east Asia  Taxing people who passed through ports  Control the action commerce of key products  Occupied islands  And used these islands to grow products they couldn’t grow anywhere else (i.e. sugar cane)  The Atlantic World  o Language and ideology  “Indians” – mindset to make it to India instead of America  compete w Vasco de Gamma and the Portuguese  “Discovery” – emphasizes more from the European perspective; did not  know it exists  “Encounter” – something that happens without purpose or  predetermination  “New world” – new beginnings and brand new start, “discover new  world” implies European point of view; this is the world that the natives  have seen for thousands of years o Columbus’ (and other Europeans’) goals: economic and religious  Primary: economic o 1492­1512: Caribbean experiments: gold mines, “encomiendas”, demographic  decline”  Father Montesano’s (1511) o @Spanish crown, debates why Spanish are expanding into native people’s land  while destroying them as well o with these things going on, there are always people who know what is going on  and think differently from the majority of people  The Conquest of the Aztec and Inca Empires o The Aztec Empire  Calendar  Nashua’s and spoke Nahunta (Aztecs and spoke Aztec language)  Factors that explain the Conquest o Internal conflict  Permanent rebellion  Natives decisive factor in the conquest of the Aztec empire o Warfare o Weapons o Diseases (smallpox)  Main killing factor, not even because of war Week #2  85­90% in 100 years after the discovery of America o representation side­along  more recent one: exploration and economic gain  other one: conflict and war  we always look at history from our present  The Colombian Exchange o crop exchange o not known in any other part of the world except for Americas: corn and potatoes  Spanish Empire o Largest empire in the 15s o Labor is always the source of any wealth in the world o Labor and silver were the two most important economic sources of the Spanish  empire o First major inflation in modern history because of the amount of money that was  coming in o How to extract all of the money from colonies  The natives have to pay “tribute” (taxes) to the Spanish crown instead of  to the Aztec/Inca gods  No longer could pay in labor or in supplies but in “cash”  (silver/gold)  Caused natives to work outside of their villages  Forced the men of the conquered villages to work in the silver mines  This caused them to not be able to work in their own farms and tend to  their own crops o SILVER IS VERY IMPORTANT o Doña Marina bore the first mixed child in history (allegedly  Brazil o Not a large amount of people to use for labor o They had sugar plantations, but they had no labor o Solution: slave labor  Slave Trade (1525­1860s) o No permanent slave labor in the Muslim world o Half of the slave labor that came to the Americas went to Brazil o Sugar and coffee economy o Slavery in Brazil was abolished in 1882 (last country) o Only 2 million Europeans went to the Americas while 10 million slaves went to  the Americas  Atlantic System o Africa was the supplier of slave labor o America was in charge of land and minerals o Europe had wealth, military, and information (know how) o Europe absorbed most of the wealth o Africa sold slaves for sugar


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