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by: NMSU Zamora

phonetics_22_3_vowels.pdf C D 323

NMSU Zamora
GPA 3.02

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About this Document

These notes go over everything we've learned about vowels so far and include some exercises (with answers). Hope this helps!
Dr. Spencer
Class Notes
phonetics, phonemes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by NMSU Zamora on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to C D 323 at New Mexico State University taught by Dr. Spencer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Phonetics in Communication Sciences and Disorders at New Mexico State University.

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Date Created: 09/06/16
Phonetics Week 2.2 Vowels Vowel characteristics:  No restriction of air by the mouth or pharynx  Open (typically vowels are said with an open mouth Diphthongs  When vowels slide (gradually change into another sound)  EX: boy, how, eye  In order to express this, we use two symbols to portray the sound  /ɔɪ/ is the phonetic symbol representing the sound: join The Vowel Quadrilateral Chart i: see, heat I: hit, sitting e: hey, way Ʊ: hood, could u: who, food o: toe, go Ə: away, cinema ʌ: luck, hub ɔ: call, awl Ɛ: head, bed æ: black, cat a: father, caught Exercise 1: Word- Number of morphemes 1. Lightened- 3 2. Table- 1 3. Morphemic- 3 4. Recruitment- 3 5. Dismissed- 3 6. Television- 2 7. Finger- 1 8. Singers- 3 9. Revealing- 3 10.Imposition- 4 Count the number of phonemes 1. Daughter- 4 2. Laughter- 5 3. Phone- 3 4. Cupboard- 7 5. Cellophane- 7 6. Knead- 3 7. Chicago- 6 8. Finger- 5 9. Singer- 5 10.Six- 4 Phonetics week 3- Vowels Highlight = key words, Highlight = concepts to remember Pure vowel: vowel sound that does NOT change, it can be prolonged Example: boooooooo, grooooooooow, aaaaaallThese sounds are called monophthongs Diphthongs: vowel sounds that DO change Example: boy /ɔi/, how /au/, eye /aɪ/, say /eI/ Rounded (back) Vowels: /u/ two /ʊ/ book /o/ pole /ɔ/ dawn Rounded (central) Vowel:/ɝ/ bird, the difference between /ɝ/ and /r/ is that the 'r' sound you hear in bird is more rounded, not as harsh of an 'r' sound that rat makes. Front Vowels: /i/ example: we. high, front, tense, unrounded /ɪ/ example: hid. high-mid front, lax unrounded /e/ example: way. mid-front, tense, unrounded /ɛ/ example: head. low-mid/front, lax, unrounded /a/ example: hot. a high, low-front lax unrounded Central Vowels: /ɝ/ example: heard. mid, central tense, rounded /ɛ/ example: southern her. or British mid, central, ense, rounded /ɚ/ example: higher. mid-central, lax unrounded unstressed /ʌ/ example: but. low-mid back central lax unrounded /ə/ example: about, above. mid-central, lax unrounded‘Schwa” PRACTICE 1.Day /eI/ or /ei/ or /e/ because it’s a nonphonemic diphthong 2.Rid /I/ 3.Lover /ɚ/ 4.Rut /ʌ/ 5.Enough /ə/ (like an 'ugh' sound)


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