Psychology Lecture Notes 9/6/16
Psychology Lecture Notes 9/6/16 PSYS001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey White on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYS001 at University of Vermont taught by Lawrence Rudiger and Susan Fenstermacher in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychological Science in Psychology at University of Vermont.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
Tuesday, September 6 Types, Stages, Processes -Memory conceptualized in terms of types, stages and processes 1. As types- explicit memory, implicit memory 2. As stages- sensory memory, short-term memory, long-term memory ▯ 3. As processes- encoding, storage, retrieval ▯ Explicit Memory (Unit 7) Explicit Memory▯ Requires Conscious Awareness Semantic Memory▯ Episodic Memory▯ Facts and General Knowledge Personally Experienced Events ▯ ▯ Maintenance Rehearsal Explicit Memory: Stages Attention ▯ SENSORY SHORT-TERM LONG-TERM Sensory Input MEMORY MEMORY MEMORY ▯ ▯ ▯ Unattended Unrehearsed Some information ▯ information is lost information is lost may be lost over ▯ time ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Short-Term Memory Q. What is (for most people) the “magic number” of things that can be held at one time in short-term memory? A. 7, but 5-9 to be approximate Q. What technique do people use to extend their short-term memory capacity? A. Chunking- learning info in chunks ▯ ▯ Flashbulb Memories -A flashbulb memory would predominantly be which type of explicit memory? Give one example. -It would be a episodic memory because it is a vivid memory of something that happened in a person’s life. ▯ ▯ Desirable Difficulties-Elizabeth and Robert Bjork -making it hard on yourself for a good reason -vary the conditions -move around -distribute -don’t mass or cram -interleave -don’t block -test yourself -don’t present or “review”
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