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NRRT 270, Week 1-4 Notes

by: Hannah Montoya

NRRT 270, Week 1-4 Notes NRRT 270

Hannah Montoya
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These notes cover what's in the first exam.
Principles of Natural Resource Tourism
Christina Minihan
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Montoya on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NRRT 270 at Colorado State University taught by Christina Minihan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Principles of Natural Resource Tourism in Natural Resource Recreation And Tourism at Colorado State University.

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Date Created: 09/06/16
Principles of Natural Resource Tourism: WHAT IS TOURISM?  Definitions by the WTO (World Tourism Organization), USTA (United States Travel  Association), UNWTO (United Nations World Tourism Organizations): WTO­ “A person traveling in a place outside their normal environment, not more than 1  consecutive year for leisure, business, and other purposes.” USTA­ “Tourism may be defined as the processes, activities, and outcomes arising from the  relationships and the interactions among tourists, tourism suppliers, host governments, host  communities, and surrounding environment that are involved in the attracting and hosting of  visitors.” UNWTO­ “Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside  their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business, and other  purposes.” All definitions have in common: ­ Taking a trip with a one­way distance of at least 100mi. ­ VFR (visiting friends and relatives)        ­ Overnight stay  ­ Have an economic impact  ­ Travel outside of region  ­ Length of stay no more than a year Types of tourism 1. International tourism: a. Inbound tourism: Visits to a country by nonresidents b. Outbound tourism: Visits by residents of a country to another country  2. Internal tourism: Visits by residents and nonresidents of the country of reference  3. Domestic tourism: Visits by residents and nonresidents of a country to their own country 4. National tourism: Internal tourism plus outbound tourism (the resident tourism market for travel agents, airlines, and other suppliers  Excursionists (or visitors) are different from actual tourists  Excursionists/visitors who do not spend the night in a collective or  private accommodation in the country visited­ for example, a cruise  ship passenger spending four hours in a port or day­trippers visiting an attraction.  Tourists are visitors who stay in the country visited for at least one  night­ for example, a visitor on a two­week vacation.  COMPONENTS AND CHARACTERISTICS Four Perspectives of tourism:  1. Tourist  2. Business providing tourist goods 3. The government of the host community  4. The host community  Characteristics of Tourism:  ­ Seasonality ­ A small business ­ Intangible product (experience)         ­ Ease of duplication (competitiveness) ­ People brought to product/ not vice versa TOURISM IS A SYSTEM: A system is a set of interrelated groups coordinated to form a unified whole and to accomplish a set of common goals. Components of Tourism: Natural resource and environment: ­ Physiography (the nature and appearance of its landscape) ­ Climate (the kind of weather it has over a period of years; i.e., the conditions of heat and cold, moisture and dryness, and wind) ­ People (1. Those who “belong” to the destination, its residents, and 2. Those who are current or potential visitors to the destination, the tourism market) The built environment: ­ Culture of the residents of the host region ­ Infrastructure (roads, sewage systems, communication networks, commercial facilities, supermarkets, and retail stores) (has not been put in place mainly to serve tourism) ­ Superstructure (hotels, restaurants, conference centers, car rentals, and major attractions) (have been developed especially to respond to the demands of visitors) ­ Technology and changes/ such as robots ­ Information and research ­ System of governance, the law Operating sectors of the tourism industry: ­ Transportation (airlines, buses, etc.) ­ Accommodation (includes well-known brands, such as, Hilton, Marriott, etc.) ­ Food services ­ Attractions ­ Events (Oktoberfest, Mardi Gras, etc.) ­ Adventure and outdoor recreation (most rapidly growing component of modern tourism) ­ Entertainment ­ Trade sector and tourist services SPIRIT OF HOSPITALITY: Be Genuine and Intentional in this industry! HISTORY OF TOURISM The invention of money by the Sumerians (Babylonians) and the development of trade beginning about 4000 b.c.e mark the beginning of the modern era of travel. ­ Sumerians also invented cuneiform writing and the wheel, so they should be credited as the founders of the travel business. Early Roads: In the beginning roads were very scarce and mainly three groups of people traveled, the military, government officials, and caravans. The Romans started building roads in about 150 b.c.e. The Silk Road A trading system in which caravans carried goods such as furs, ceramics, spices, lilies, peaches, etc. (westbound caravans) and precious metals and gems, ivory, glass, perfumes, dyes, textiles, etc. (eastbound caravans). It’s a misnomer to call it a road. “The majority of states on the Silk Routes traded with their nearer neighbors, and travelers were like participants in a relay race stretching a third of the way around the world.”- Peter Neville-Hedley, China: The Silk Routes The Grand Tour th th Of the 17 and 18 centuries. Made by diplomats, businesspeople, and scholars who traveled to Europe, mainly to the cities of France and Italy. It was thought of as purely an educational experience but has digressed into a pursuit of pleasure. Early (and later) tourist attractions:  Seven wonders of the ancient world- the Great Pyramids of Egypt, including the Sphinx, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, sometimes including the Walls of Babylon and the Palace, in what is now Iraq, The Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus, in what is now Turkey, The Statue of Zeus at Olympia in Greece, The Colossus of Rhodes in the Harbor at Rhodes, and island belonging to Greece, The Great Lighthouse (Pharos) in Alexandria, Egypt, The Temple of Artemis (also called the Temple of Diana) at Ephesus, at the time part of Greece, now in Turkey ­ The Great Pyramids of Egypt are the sole remaining wonder.  Spas, Baths, Seaside Resorts -The first travel agents were Thomas Cook and Thomas Bennet- Historic Transportation: ­ Stagecoach travel (invented in Hungary in the 15 century)h ­ Water travel ­ Rail travel (first built in England in 1825 and carried passengers beginning in 1830) ­ Automobile and Motorcoach Travel (introduced in the U.S. when Henry Ford introduced his famous model T in 1908. ­ Air Travel (nearly 16 yrs after the airplane’s first flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, in 1903, regularly scheduled air service began in Germany. Accommodations: Earliest guest rooms were parts of private dwellings and travelers were hosted almost like members of the family. In the middle east and in the Orient, caravansaries and inns date back to antiquity. Once the automobiles and airplanes came around it brought more demand for adequate accommodations. Railroad- brought downtown city hotel, Motorcoach- brought motel. TOURISM TRENDS What is a trend? ­ Something that changes over time ­ Not your opinion ­ Not a prediction ­ Credible sources…. industry trade journals, websites, etc. {Example: Beer/breweries} beer tourism is becoming more and more popular with 4,600+ breweries in the U.S. with 2k in planning Compare it to the 8,000 U.S. wineries/ wineries have been around a lot longer Requirements for Tourism Growth: ­ Freedom ­ Economics ­ Infrastructure ­ Ease of travel 2012 statistics: Top destination for International Travelers: 1. France 2. United States 3. Spain 4. China 5. Italy 6. Turkey 7. Germany 8. U.K. 9. Russian Fed. 10.Thailand Top 3 destinations for overseas travelers: France, U.S. and Spain Top destination for total earnings in international tourism receipts: France, the U.S., Spain and China continue to top the rankings by both international arrivals and receipts. Region of the world with the largest market share: Europe 52%; Asia and the Pacific 23%; America 16% What markets are growing the most: China Top states and cities for overseas travelers to visit in the U.S.: 1. New York 2. Florida 3. California 4. Hawaii 5. Nevada Domestic trends in the U.S.: 1. Shorter, closer to home 2. Increase in outdoor trips to save money 3. Culinary tourism 4. Although most of us are concerned about the environment, only 9% will pay for it Culinary Tourism: Experiencing culture through cuisine. ~ Long, 1998  Great way to meet locals  In top 3 visitor activities  100% participation  Usually spend more money  3 hours a day ­ Tourist favorite things to do (in European travels): 86% is dinning and restaurants *Social media greatly affects culinary tourism in regards to reviews on tourism websites, pictures and opinions viewed and shared on social media cites. One bad review goes a long way. CAREERS IN TOURISM Tourism takes up 8% of the global workforce with 7.5 million jobs, 1 in 8, in the U.S. and the Hotel Industry the largest at 1.4 million. Global employment:  2014- 277 mil people globally employed in jobs created by tourism  2018- estimated at 296 mil people globally U.S. employment:  Pays $209 billion in travel related wages and salaries in the U.S.  Employees 1.9 mil hotel property workers in the U.S. Employment outlook:  Highly susceptible to economic downturns  Outlook depends on economic conditions and expansion of travel and tourism  Demand is strongest in populated areas and recreational centers  Combination of education and work experience make your advancement outlook more favorable o Volunteering is important (if not, required) on resume! NETWORKING, NETWORKING, NETWORKING! Networking = Getting a job  80% of jobs in all fields are found through who you know ­ Rule of 250: have at least 250 acquaintances ­ Have at least 2 solid references by the time you graduate college Top ten (job) skills: 1. Oral communication and presentation 2. Interpersonal 3. Teamwork 4. Analytical skills- thinking outside the box 5. Flexibility- cross functional 6. Leadership 7. Written communication 8. Proficiency in field, with industry specific skills 9. Computer knowledge 10.Hands-on experience (internships) Tourism specific skills: 1. Loving to help other people 2. Able to think on your feet 3. Roll with the punches 4. Patience 5. Sunny disposition; enthusiasm ­ Can’t let rude people get you down 6. Thorough; detail-oriented Other types of tourism related careers: ­ Tourism technology ­ Airlines ­ Bus companies ­ Cruise companies ­ Railroads ­ Rental car companies ­ Hotels, motels, and resorts ­ Travel agencies ­ Tour companies


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