New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Intro to CJS and Overview of the Criminal Justice System Class Notes (8/23 and 8/25)

by: Hanna Roberts

Intro to CJS and Overview of the Criminal Justice System Class Notes (8/23 and 8/25) CJS 101

Marketplace > Illinois State University > Criminal Justice Sciences > CJS 101 > Intro to CJS and Overview of the Criminal Justice System Class Notes 8 23 and 8 25
Hanna Roberts

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Detailed class notes from week one
Introduction to Criminal Justice
Class Notes
intro, to, CJS, overview, Of, The, Criminal, Justice, system
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Criminal Justice

Popular in Criminal Justice Sciences

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hanna Roberts on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJS 101 at Illinois State University taught by Savage in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice Sciences at Illinois State University.

Similar to CJS 101 at ISU

Popular in Criminal Justice Sciences


Reviews for Intro to CJS and Overview of the Criminal Justice System Class Notes (8/23 and 8/25)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/06/16
VOCAB ● Criminology (the scientific study of crime and criminals) VS. Criminal Justice (system of  practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and  mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts) ● Formal Social Control (controlling people's behavior through the criminal justice system) VS.  Informal Social Control (peer and community pressure, bystander intervention in a crime, and  collective responses such as citizen patrol groups) ● State Criminal Justice System (breaking the law and getting into the system) VS. Federal Justice  System (DEA, FBI, etc; money laundering, interstate crime, kidnapping, violation of  environmental law, etc.) Criminal Law Civil Law Person accused of breaking the law Accused of breaking a contract Accused person is charged Lawsuit between Plaintiff and Defendant Plea bargaining and court trials Pretrial settlements and court trials “Beyond a reasonable doubt” standard Preponderance of evidence Finding of Guilty, not guilty Finding of Liable, not liable Sentencing Judgements Semiautonomous Organizations ● 20,000 separate police agencies ● County, State, Federal Courts ● Municipal Courts ● Thousands of Local Jails ● Hundreds of Prisons ● Thousands of Probation and Parole Agencies Discretion ● Discretion Definition: Decision­making by people in the criminal justice system ● Legal and permissible decisions, within a range of options Balancing Act ● Individual Liberty VS. Societal Civility ● Crime Control VS. Due Process What is the criminal justice system? ● Law enforcement, court, and correctional agencies that work together to uphold the law and to  apprehend, prosecute, defend, sentence and punish those who are suspected of criminal offenses. Criminal Justice System Philosophies and Perspectives What should the criminal justice system do? Philosophy #1: The activities of the criminal justice system ● Deterrence ● Create legal consequences for criminal actions ● Threaten to use these punishments ● Potential offenders will choose not to commit crime Philosophy #2: Incapacitation ● Separate criminals from society ● Protect society ● Use secure facilities: jails and prisons Philosophy #3: Retribution ● Philosophy: use the criminal justice system to punish offenders ● Punishment is, in and of itself, proper and just ● “An eye for an eye” ● “Just deserts”  Crime Prevention ● Philosophy: prevent crime before it happens ● Positivism; a positivist is someone who has a scientific outlook on things ● Apply scientific methods to understanding why crime occurs ● Use the findings to develop programs, interventions, policies Positivism ● A philosophical system founded by Auguste Comte, concerned with positive facts and  phenomena, and excluding speculation upon ultimate causes or origins.  Rehabilitation ● Programs in jails, prisons ○ Crime prevention ○ Provide treatment, training ● The Martinson Report, 1947 ○ “With few and isolated exceptions, the rehabilitative efforts that have been reported so far have  had no appreciable effect on recidivism” p. 25 ■ (rehabilitation programs do not work) ● Contemporary “Rehabilitation” ○ Usually referred to as ‘treatment” ○ E.g., Drug treatment, batterer treatment  The “Harm Reduction” Approach ● Public Health approach to crime prevention ● Morality and morbidity ● Drug addiction, spread of infectious disease ● Examples of recommendations for preventing harms associated with crime: ○ Drug treatment, mental health treatment ○ Trigger locks on guns ○ Free, clean needles for drug addicts Restorative Justice ● A framework for the justice system which engages all stakeholders and seeks to repair the harm  resulting from crime ○ Emphasizes victim involvement ○ Emphasizes reintegrating offender into society ● Elements of punishment (e.g., shaming) ● Emphasis on making society whole again ● Allow victim to talk to offender ● Allow offender to apologize ● Come to an agreement about what offender can do to make it right again Criminal Justice System 1. Commit a crime 2. Crime reported to Police 3. Investigation  4. Arrest  5. Custody Decision  6. Charging Decision  7. Preliminary Hearing (proceeding, after a criminal complaint has been filed by the prosecutor, to  determine whether there is enough evidence to require a trial) or Grand Jury (a jury selected to  examine the validity of an accusation before trial) 8. Indictment ­ (formal accusation written to the court) 9. Arraignment 10. Bail or Detention 11. Plea Bargaining (e.g., plead guilty to cracked windshield instead of speeding) 12. Trial 13. Verdict (guilty or not guilty for each charge) 14. Sentencing  15. Appeal 16. Carry out Sentence  17. Release from Confinement or Control  18. Reentry 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.