New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

psychology chapter 1

by: Esraa Hagag

psychology chapter 1 psychology 103

Esraa Hagag
Northampton Community College
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for introduction to psychology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive introduction to psychology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

these notes has everything that can help you on the test
introduction to psychology
Dr Thomas C. Helm, D.M/CC, LPC
Class Notes
Intro to Psychology




Popular in introduction to psychology

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Esraa Hagag on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psychology 103 at Northampton Community College taught by Dr Thomas C. Helm, D.M/CC, LPC in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see introduction to psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Northampton Community College.

Similar to psychology 103 at Northampton Community College


Reviews for psychology chapter 1


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/06/16
Chapter 1 Psychology: the scientific study of behavioral and mental process Fraud: is associated with the psychoanalytical/psychodynamic perspective Humanistic psychology: emphasized the growth potential of healthy people Behaviorism: the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Cognitive neuroscience: the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with mental activity.  Biological psychologists: between brain and mind  Developmental psychologists: our changing ability from womb to tomb  Cognitive psychologists: how we perceive, think and solve problems  Personality psychologists: our persistent traits  Social psychologists: how we affect one another  Counsel psychologists: help people cope with personal challenges  Health psychologists: investigate psychological, biological, and behavioral factors that promote our health  Clinical psychologists: treating mental and emotional behavior disorder  Industrial-organizational psychologists: study on behavior in the workplace Big ideas of psychology: 1.Critical thinking (smart thinking): don’t blindly accept arguments and conclusion 2.Biopsychosocial approach (behavior): an approach that integrates different but complementary views from biological, psychological, and social cultural view point. a.Culture: the shared ideas and behaviors that one generation passes on to the next b.Nature-nurture issue (how do we judge the contributions of nature (biology) and nurture (experience): the age old controversy over the relative influence of genes 3.We operate with a two track mind (dual processing)  Conscious aware track  Unconscious aware track 4.Psychology explores human strengths as well as challenges a.Positive psychology (use scientific methods to explore): the scientific study of human functioning with goals of discovering and promoting strengths and virtues that help individuals and communities to thrive.  Positive emotions: satisfaction with the past  Positive character traits: creativity, courage  Positive institutions: healthy families Intuitive thinking: we trust our intuition more than we should  Hindsight bias (I knew it all phenomenon): the tendency to believe after learning an outcome, that we could have predicted it.  Over confidence: we think we know more that we do  Confidence: pretty secure what your abilities are  Perceiving patterns in random events Scientific attitude: curious, skeptical, and humble Scientific method: 1.Theory: explanation using principle that organize observations and predict behaviors.  Good theory:  Effectively organizes a range of self- reports  Leads to clear prediction that anyone can use to check the theory  Often stimulates research that leads to revised theory 2.Hypothesis: testable prediction  Descriptive method  Correlational method  Experimental method 3.Rewrite the hypothesis: replicate Description: 1.Case study: descriptive techniques study in depth in hope of revealing universal principles 2.Naturalistic observation (doesn’t explain behavior, it describes it): descriptive technique of observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations. 3.Surveys: descriptive technique for obtaining the self- reported attitude of behaviors of a group  Wording effect  Random sample: a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion  Population: all those in group being studied from which samples may be drawn Correlation: a measure of the extent to which two events vary together, and thus of how well either one predicts the other 1.Positive: indicates a direct relationship 2.Negative: indicates an inverse relationship 3.Coefficient near zero is a weak correlation, indication a little or no relationship Correlation and causation: correlations help us predict, it indicates the possibility of a cause effect relationship, but it doesn’t prove causation Experimentation: a method in which researchers vary one or more factors to observe the effect on some behavior or mental process  Manipulating the factors of interest  Controlling other factors  Random assignment: minimizing differences: assigning participants to experimental and control groups by chance, thus minimizing any differences between the groups  Experimental group: the group exposed to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variable  Control group: the group not exposed to the treatment, it serves as a comparison with the experimental group for judging the effect of the treatment  The double-blind procedure: eliminating bias: a procedure in which participants and research staff are ignorant about who received the treatment  Placebo: inactive substance that is sometimes given to those in control group  Placebo effect: results caused by expectations alone  Independent variable: manipulated factor  Confounding variable: factor other than independent  Dependent variable: the factor that is measured, the variable that may change when the independent variable is manipulated


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.