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BIO 227 Lecture 3 Notes

by: Carolyn Adams

BIO 227 Lecture 3 Notes 227

Carolyn Adams
Cal Poly
GPA 3.3

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Notes from the 3rd lecture during Wednesday of Week 1.
Wildlife conservation biology
Dr. Needles
Class Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carolyn Adams on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 227 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Dr. Needles in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Wildlife conservation biology in Biology at California State Polytechnic University.


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Date Created: 09/06/16
BIO 227 Lecture 3  History of Wildlife Management in America and Roots of the “North American Model”  Who owns the wildlife?   Wildlife as a public trust  There is no ownership of wildlife  Wildlife is owned by all citizens equally  Fundamental Goals of Wildlife Management a) To maintain species used by humans b) To reduce conflict between humans and wildlife c) Prevent extinction (recent) d) Preserve biodiversity (most recent) ­ Most of wildlife management consists of managing human actions or habitat  N.A. Model of Wildlife Conservation 1. Wildlife is a public trust resource 2. Elimination of Markets 3. Allocation of wildlife by law 4. Only killed for legitimate purposes 5. International resource 6. Science is proper tool 7. Democracy in gaming  Origins of public trust doctrine Why is wildlife management vested in the states, not fed. Govt? ­ Roman law, Medieval England, Magna Carta ­ Supreme Court affirmed the States’ authority in 1842: Martin v. Wadell  The Age of Exploitation (Colonial Era to 1890)  Unregulated commercialization of wildlife products  Eradication of predators  Destruction of habitat for agriculture industry  Wildlife harvest (esp fur) was fundamental for early exploration of N.A.  Market hunting  Punt guns for water fowl (punt is flat­bottomed boat)  American bison  Passenger pigeon (eggs were delicacy)  Great Auk, Labrador Duck, and Carolina parakeet went extinct  Feathers as fashion  Breeding plumage of herons, millinery (women’s hats) trade


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