HIST 2110, Week 3 Notes
HIST 2110, Week 3 Notes HIST 2110
Popular in Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110-
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hagar Notetaker on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Prof. Casey P. Cater in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110- in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
HIST Week 3 9/6/16 The US Constitution State constitutions: None-democratic Fewer than half had universal suffrage o Property requirements continued Bicameral legislature Richard Henry Lee o “men possessed of property are entitles to a greater share in political authority than those who are destitute of it” Property interest need to be in control Office holding & property o Massachusetts Need to have 1,000 lbs. of shilling o South Carolina 10,000 lbs. Office holding & slavery o South Carolina: 500 acres of land & 10 slaves for house (after 1790) Miscellaneous o Appointed office Rather than elected office o Malapportionment Gerrymandering Democratic Declaration of rights o Free speech, free petition, freedom of press, etc. Office holding expanded Calls to abolish governorship & senates Calls for referendum Old forms of authority fading away Shay’s Rebellion Rhode Island farmer’s strike (1786) Lots of farmers in debt in Massachusetts o Requests for tax/debt relief went unheard by state Farmers stormed courts in Massachusetts HIST Week 3 9/6/16 If gov’t did not take control then anarchy, confusion, & slavery Democracy & Constitution Only got ratified in 1781 b/c needed all 13 states to approve Articles of confederation (1777 / 1781) o Powers: Make war Negotiated treaties Control western territories No law enforcement power No taxing power Could not regulate institute commerce Constitution Hamilton (anti-democratic) o Society has 2 groups: the few & the many o Rich should have more power o President & senators: elected for life o Much like British gov’t Madison o Checks on democracy o Electoral college blocks people from direct vote Federalists o Senate decides on… Federal judges Ambassadors, cabinet members, treaties o House of representatives Lots of power Tax bills Speaker of the house Impeachment Slavery Mass, PA, CT, & RI abolished slavery in 1778 SC & GA wanted protection for slavery in constitution Compromise: o 3/5 compromise 1 slave = 3/5 of person when counting population o Runaway slaves would be returned o Slave trade was protected for 20 years HIST Week 3 9/6/16 Anti-federalists Patrick Henry o Constitution gave too much power to federal gov’t o Lack of Bill of Rights Bill of Rights (1791) o Protected people from federal gov’t Constitution violated liberty No longer protection of property in order to vote
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