World Geo Middle American Realm
World Geo Middle American Realm GR1123
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by alb1081 on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GR1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Shatrughan Singh in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geoscience at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
I. Intro to Middle America Realm and Study Guide A. Middle American Realm 1. Second smallest realm in area 2. Mainland has crucial barrier between Atlantic and Pacific 3. Panama Canal constructed by U. S. 4. Cultural and political fragmentation i. Influenced by many colonial forces 1. Africa and Europe – Caribbean; Spanish and America – mainland 5. Mexico connects North American realm with Middle American realm 6. Panama connects Middle American realm and South American realm B. Population 1. Mexico population – interior core 2. Pacific side on other countries 3. Hispaniola – Dominican Republic and Haiti C. Physical and Cultural Diversity 1. Every type of climate i. Volcanoes, tropical forests, islands, deserts D. Northern Land Boundary 1. Longest land border between U. S. and Mexico 2. Maquiladoras, assembly factories, are located close to this border 3. NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement i. Trying to manufacture jobs, but China is big competition ii. Raw materials into Mexico, then, finished goods into U. S. E. Regions of Middle American Realm 1. Mainland i. Mexico ii. Central America – 7 mainland countries 2. Rimland i. The Greater Antilles – Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Cuba), Puerto Rico ii. The Lesser Antilles – Virgin Islands and Bahamas, etc. F. Land Bridge 1. Panama’s isthmus i. Connects Middle America and South America, Pacific and Atlantic G. Island Chains 1. Archipelago – island chain i. Greater and Lesser Antilles H. Dangerous Landscapes 1. Tectonic hazards – Volcanoes and earthquakes 2. Hurricanes (aka Hurricane Ally) I. Altitudal Zones 1. Vertical elevation regions i. As elevation increases, temperature decreases J. Tropical Deforestation 1. Destruction and clearing of forests 2. Settlement and economic opportunity K. Mesoamerican Legacy 1. Mayans – oldest in low-altitude regions, developed in Guatemala 2. Aztecs – high altitude, developed in Mexico 3. Spanish Conquests i. Defeated Aztecs ii. Livestock, crops, and equipment introduced iii. Town layout around a central plaza with streets in grid pattern iv. Middle – church, then stores, then houses L. Independent States 1. Mexico was first independent country 2. Others followed 3. Monroe Doctrine – Europe was to stay out of Western Hemisphere i. Passed by United States ii. Spanish American War – Cuba became independent, and the U. S. gained Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands M. Regional Concepts 1. Forms of Agriculture i. Hacienda 1. Mainland, farmed to feed themselves, social prestige ii. Plantation 1. Rimland, profit-based, enslaved N. Regional Integration 1. CAFTA – Central American Free Trade Agreement 2. CARICOM – Caribbean Community O. Mexico 1. Mexico City is the most populous city in the realm 2. North Mexico is rich P. Guatemala 1. Minerals (nickel) in the mountains Q. Belize 1. Offshore banking is large part of the economy R. Honduras S. El Salvador 1. Coffee Republic T. Nicaragua 1. Triangle of land 2. Mistiko – indigenous U. Costa Rica 1. 7% of world’s biodiversity V. Panama 1. Spanish is the official language W. Cuba 1. Cuban Missile Crisis 2. Fidel Castro – Communist X. Jamaica 1. British Commonwealth Y. Haiti 1. Poorest country Z. Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico 1. DR has more resources than Haiti 2. PR is controlled by the U. S. AA. Bahamas 1. British plantations 2. Cave systems (Karsts) BB. Trinidad and Tobago 1. Huge oil and natural gas 2. Birthplace of calypso music