Intro to Psychology Chapter 1 (half)
Intro to Psychology Chapter 1 (half) PSYCH 1101 C
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie Argueta on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 C at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Kristy Sorenson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 76 views.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
First off, thank you soo much for checking out my notes! This opportunity helps me and you to know how to a) improve our study skills and b) understand what the heck we’re doing in this class. If you ever want to come talk to me about study sessions or just introduce yourself to me, I try to sit in the first three rows of the class from the right side. I think this email would show my face, but in case it doesn’t I’ll add a selfie. Here are some key things to help understand my notes better: o Anything bolded are important facts to remember, especially if an exam will have any written responses. o Anything highlighted are key terms you’ll also want to keep in mind o The notes are in order from the textbook, including info from the study quizzes (they’ll help a lot) I hope this helps you as much as they do for me! Please contact me if there is any confusions or advice you’d like to give me (I’m open to any ideas that’ll help). Thank you again! Stephanie Argueta p.s: this is a sample from the first half of chapter 1, I’m currently working on 12 (: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science 1. History and Scope of Psychology a. Psychologist approach behavior with curiosity, skepticism, and humility. This helps define the modern psychology we know today, which is the science of behavior and mental processes. b. Critical thinking examines assumptions, appraises the source, discerns hidden biases, evaluate evidence, and assess conclusions. It helps psychologist find cool findings and debunk popular beliefs, such as sleep walkers are not actually acting out their dreams (Chapter 1) i. Another fact is that critical thinking can identify effective policies, such as how to stop crimes or decrease voter turnout. 2. Psychology’s Roots a. Wilhelm Wundt created the first psychological experiment in 1879 Germany by testing the duration of awareness in a person b. First schools of thought: i. Structuralism: Edward Titchener used introspection (looking inward/ self-reflection) by testing the immediate responses of smelling a rose. The problem with this was that the human mind was too complicated to give the same systematic answer for a “structured” method. ii. Functionalism: William James thought it’d make sense to consider the functions of thoughts and feelings. Such as why do we behave like we do? He thought we developed our senses from adaptation 2 and natural selection. Problem: James just gave up because he thought it was cray. c. How psychology got its definition: i. Behaviorism: John B Watson & B. F. Skinner dismissed introspection and studied people’s behavior as they respond to different situations ii. Freudian: study of the ways our unconscious thought process & emotional responses from childhood memories affect how we behave. d. Humanistic Psychology: focuses on the importance of having needs for love and acceptance satisfied 3. Contemporary Psychology a. Cognitive Revolution in 1960’s created cognitive neuroscience: cognitive psychology (science of mind) and neuroscience (science of the brain). So, this is just studying the brain activity within mental activity b. Evolutionary Psychology and Behavior Genetics i. Nature-nurture: we inherit our ideas and behavior from evolution or natural selection. ( think “nurture works on what nature endows” from chapter 1) c. Cross-Cultural and Gender Psychology i. Culture: shared ideas/behaviors passed on to generations. This idea helps us connect as a universal human family 1. Fun fact from the book: Specific attitudes and behavior vary by gender across different cultures. d. Positive psychology: finds methods to build a “good” and “meaningful” life e. Three Main Levels of Analysis: complementary outlooks on behavior or mental process: 3 i. Biopsychological approach: genetically influences traits, mutations, or adaptive traits that survived natural selection in response to the environment ii. Psychological influence: learned fears/expectations and emotional responses iii. Social-cultural influences: influence from others or societal expectations f. Psychodynamic: How our behaviors occur from our unconsciousness 4. The types of research: Basic (observational study on a topic) and applied (experimenting or solving an issue) 5. Extra areas of psychologists: a. Counseling: help cope with challenges and improve social interactions b. Clinical: assess and treat people that have emotional/behavioral disorders c. Psychiatrists: medical doctors who can prescribe medicine to treat disorders d. Community: create healthy social/physical environments 4
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