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PKG 101 Week 2 Lecture 2 Highlighted Notes: History of Packaging

by: Danielle Linska

PKG 101 Week 2 Lecture 2 Highlighted Notes: History of Packaging PKG 101

Marketplace > Michigan State University > PKG 101 > PKG 101 Week 2 Lecture 2 Highlighted Notes History of Packaging
Danielle Linska

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About this Document

These notes cover the history of packaging and all of the important information that Professor Koning specifically pointed out for exams.
Principles of Packaging
Dr. Koning
Class Notes
Packaging, MSU, PKG
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Linska on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PKG 101 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Koning in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 135 views.


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Date Created: 09/06/16
9/6/16  Lecture  2  History  of  Packaging Tuesday,  September   6,  2010:23  AM Historical  Moments • Typical  packages  were  made  of   ○ Shells,  Animal  parts   ○ Wood  and  Bamboo   ○ Grasses  and  leaves  for  baskets • First  known  packaging  law   ○ Amphorae  containing  olive  oil  must  be  stamped  -­‐state  it  was   made  in,  the  time  it  was  pressed,  and  who  produced  it.   • Packaging  evolves  based  on  societal  advancements  and  cultural  needs • The  Industrial  Revolution  (1  700s)  rapidly  began  to  change  the  demand  for   packaging ○ Growth  of  cities,  increased  factory  employment ○ Birth  of  mass  production   ○ Increased  the  need  for  transportation  packaging   ○ Sparked  the  concept  of  storing  food  longer. • 19th  Century ○ rapid  technology  growth   • The  first  package  was  considered  to  be  a  modern  retail  pack  was  produced  for   Uneeda  biscuits   • 20th  Century   ○ Most  of  the  machines  used  for  packaging  were  developed  in  the  last  100   years ○ Automation  developed  and  applied  in  the  last  50  years. • 21st  Century Structure  changes  -­‐ ○ § made  of  flexible  pouch  with  fitments ○ Environmental  changes-­‐       § Paper  pulp  egg  carton   § Bio-­‐based  films  for  bags   § Institutional  containers   Historical  Cause  of  Change   • War  -­‐ military  conflicts • New  technology • Defined  customer  or  customer  need • Cost  savings   Historical  Cause  of  Change   • War  -­‐ military  conflicts • New  technology • Defined  customer  or  customer  need • Cost  savings   Packaging  Company  Categories 1. Development 2. Production 3. Filling  and  Sealing 4. Distribution Development • Development  includes  the  creation  of  new  packaging  forms,  materials,  and   processes.  This  can  be  for  a  new  innovative  product  that  is  coming  to  market,  or   to  fix  an  issue  with  an  existing  product.   Projects  usually  require  cross -­‐functional  teams   ○ Production   • Package  production  is  usually  performed  by  converters.  It  is  not  unusual  for  one   company  to  purchase  materials,  produce  packages  with  them,  and  then  sell   those  packages  to  another  company.   ○ Some  companies  are  converter  and  product  packager  for  converting  in -­‐ house.   Filling  &  Closing/Sealing   • Filling  and  closing/sealing  can  be  done  at  the  company  that  manufactures  the   product  or  separately ○ Many  products  are  packaged  within  the  same  facility,  especially  food.   Distribution   • Distribution  is  the  transport  of  finished  products  out  into  the  market  to   wholesalers,  retailers,  and  eventually  the  consumers'  homes  or  point  of  end   use.   The  School  of  Packaging • Mission  Statement: ○ To  seek,  through  research,  improved  functioning  of  the  packaging  system   ○ To  educate  students   ○ To  synthesizes  solutions  to  better  the  world   ○ To  provide  continuing  service  to  the  community Background  and  History   • Established  in  1952-­‐  (KEYWORD  -­‐ 50S) • Dr.  Goff  organized  an  independent  School  of  Packaging  in  the  College  of   ○ To  educate  students   ○ To  synthesizes  solutions  to  better  the  world   ○ To  provide  continuing  service  to  the  community Background  and  History   • Established  in  1952-­‐  (KEYWORD  -­‐ 50S) • Dr.  Goff  organized  an  independent  School  of  Packaging  in  the  College  of   Agriculture  in  1957 Packaging  Course • Packaging  can  be  scientific  and  technical  as  well  as  artistic  and  creative;  balance   of  the  two  =  interesting  field U.S.  Packaging  Education  Programs   • National  programs  in  addition  to  MSU:   ○ Rochester  Institute  of  Technology ○ Clemson  University ○ University  of  Wisconsin ○ University  of  Missouri


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