World Politics Week 3
World Politics Week 3 POLS 220
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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POLS 220 001
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Landry Notetaker on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 220 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Bryan P. Frost in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see World Politics in Political Science at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
World Politics (9/6/16) Economic and social characteristics of a liberal democracy (US, Britain, France): - Post- industrial service based economy o Industry The production of tangible goods Refrigerators, microwaves, cars, airplanes o Services Less tangible entities Entertainment, banking, tourism, insurance, telecommunication - Most advances liberal democracies (most advanced economies) are post- industrial service based o Most of wealth in country is generated by services rather than by industry Post- industrial economy Moved beyond the production of tangible goods that makes up most of the country’s wealth o The richer a country becomes, more leisure= more opportunity to purchase and do things; wouldn’t if you were just trying to survive o After WW2 Industrial service based economy o 1970s and 1980s Go from industry to services - Agriculture o Most advanced liberal democracies have limited resources dedicated to agriculture Only a very small percentage of wealth is based on wealth because most live in urban population o Doesn’t mean they have to import food - Statistics o 1 to 10% is generated from agriculture o 20-30% generated from industry o 60,70,80% generated from services - Social characteristics of most liberal democracies: o Low population growth rates o Relative internal stability o Generally adequate food, housing and healthcare o Long life expectancy o Low infant mortality rates o High per capita incomes Chapter 3 Themes: Legitimacy, Liberal democracies and states socialize their citizens, Ethnic and regional conflicts Chapter 4: Is there some legitimate way to handle conflict in a state so that the state won’t be destroyed? - Interest groups, political parties, elections Interest Group: - NOT involved in law making - Tend to be more narrowly focused o Political parties have an opinion of everything - Can be involved in a whole range of issues o Sierra Club, The Green Movement - Interest group vs Political Party o Both want to influence the political agenda o Political party also wants to hold the power - Interest group can move into becoming a political party (willingness to hold onto power) - Many interest groups don’t want to take that step because they will lose their independence Party Systems: - Describes how many parties are competing in an election, and how many of those parties actually have a legitimate chance to secure power - Four types: o One party system One and only party is allowed to compete One and only party wins all of the elections Party can be an actual political party, a ruling family dynasty, military dictatorship System appears in China o Dominate party system There can be competition among many political parties Legally compete for office One party more or less controls the political horizons almost all the time o Almost always one party will win the election System appears in Japan Liberal democrat (LDP) has won almost every single election since WW2 System appears in Mexico Up until about 15 years ago it was a dominate party system with a single party dominating (PRI) o Brought about Mexican revolution o Controlled politics for 60 or 70 years o Two party system Any number of political parties can compete Two parties have come to dominate the political process The way it used to operate in Great Britain Lots of stability o The multi-party system Lots of political parties compete and lots of political parties gain power Lots of alternation between who is in charge System used in France Clarification: In a multi-party system, no one party is going to gain a majority o Very rare that only one party gains majority in the legislative body - Coalition government o Bring together enough political party in a grand alliance so that you can form a working majority to pass legislation o Multi-party systems will always have a coalition government o Occur in France, Italy o Rarely requires a coalition government in a two party system o Notoriously unstable The government is made up of different political parties Different ideas o Example: Israel Almost always have to have coalition governments - Tight vs Loose Political Party o Tight Political Party Exercises enormous control over its legislative members Exercises so much control that the party as a whole will always vote the same way o Penalty: kicked out Example: Great Britain, France o Loose Political Party Very little control of how the parties’ members vote The party does not exercise control of members Don’t know whether legislation will pass or not Example: United States Elections: - Two main ways elections occur: o The single member district plurality system (SMDP) Winner take all system or first past the post system Divide the country up into a number of districts usually based on populations o Each district gets to elect a single person Go to the polls, vote for your candidate, a person who wins a plurality (whoever gets the most vote wins) of votes gets the seat o No runoff o Winner gets everything o Example: electoral college Consequences of this system: Favors well established, large political parties o Parties with wide general support o Broad based center of orientation Favors local or regional parties o Parties that have concentrated support in a specific locality or region but with very limited support elsewhere o Clean up in a specific area, getting that plurality of votes o Example: Quebec Separatists Discriminates against minor or third parties o Parties that have good, solid support in the country but cannot get the plurality o Example: Libertarians Fringe parties o Never be able to get into power because they cannot get plurality You can win a majority of votes, in this system, and still lose the election This system tends to foster a two party system Fosters strong, stable majorities in the legislative body o Helps to prevent coalition governments It tends to diminish vigorous citizen participation o Proportional Representation System: You allot the seats in the legislative body based upon the proportion of votes the party gets 15% of votes, 15 seats Voting for a party LIST, NOT an individual candidate What determines the list? The leader of the party is at the top of the list #2- deputy leader of the party Being on the list counts and also your position on the list Ranking on the list determines your power in the system
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