SWK 370 notes Week 2 Day 3
SWK 370 notes Week 2 Day 3 SWK 947
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy_SWK2018 on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SWK 947 at Meredith College taught by Dr. Joy Learman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Social Work Research Methods in Social Work at Meredith College.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
SWK 370 8-31-16 Developing Research Questions and Conceptualization in Qualitative and Quantitative Inquiry 1. Narrowing topics into research questions a. Research Topic i. Personal interest 1. Agency information needs – research needs to be of benefit to your agency a. Feasibility i. Policy or practice relevance – maybe something that’s been a hot topic lately 1. Literature Review – read about this in textbook, used to find out what is already known about the topic a. Research question b. Example Personal interest (for Dr. Violence against women Learman Agency info. Needs They serve immigrant women (there are a lot of risks that immigrant women face) Feasibility Documented immigrants (not enough service providers with culturally competent service; challenges with undocumented immigrants, so working with documented immigrants would be easier Relevance National debate Literature review Most immigrant women don’t know about VAW (legal protections) i. Therefore, my research question might be: 1. Are community rights workshops more effective than the promotora (Spanish for “promotions”, kind of like peer educators) model in increasing immigrant women’s knowledge regarding VAWA’s special protections? 2. Qualities of a good research question a. A good research question i. Is narrow and specific 1. Depression in adolescents, postpartum depression, etc. ii. Has more than one possible answer 1. Is or isn’t effective, more or less effective iii. Is posed in a way that can be answered by observable evidence iv. Addresses the decision-making needs or practical problems in social welfare v. Has clear significance for guiding social welfare policy or social work practice 3. Feasibility a. Refers to the extent a study may be done practically and successfully i. Which study design is stronger? The more rigorous, often the harder it is to pull off b. Feasibility is not always synonymous with methodological rigor and inferential capacity c. Researchers must consider: i. Scope 1. Only Latina women? Only undocumented? Only Vietnamese speakers? ii. Time iii. Fiscal cost iv. Ethical issues 1. Confidentiality is important v. Cooperation with research partners 1. Do you have the relationships with the people in your community to recruit the participants you want, or do you need a partner? vi. Study participants 1. Sometimes there is too much stigma, they don’t trust you, etc. 4. Involving others n problem formulation a. Critique from colleagues can: i. Improve study utility ii. Clarify ideas iii. Reveal different approaches to the issue iv. Identify possible pragmatic or ethical issues b. Involving agencies in problem formulation and research design planning helps overcome resistance to research 5. Conceptualization in quantitative inquiry a. Conceptualization is the process through which we specify precisely what we will mean when we use particular terms i. Variables 1. A concept being investigated that is characterized by different attributes, the concept varies (Independent variable and dependent variable) ii. Attributes 1. Characteristics of persons or things, e.g. male/female (gender), lower- middle-upper class (social class) 6. Types of relationships between variables a. See slideshow graphs i. Graph 1 1. Degree of fit between client’s goal and practitioner’s goal or level of client satisfaction which is dependent variable? a. Level of client satisfaction b/c it depends on the fit of goals b. Positive relationship b/c as one increases the other increases ii. Graph 2 1. Level of stress depends on income, so it is the dependent variable a. Negative relationship b/c as on increases the other decreases iii. Graph 3 1. Curvilinear relationship a. Skepticism decreases to a point, but then it increases again Research project 1. Create a person and intervention and see if the intervention is effective 2. Create an evidence based question 3. Describe person and symptoms a. What is most effective intervention? Can compare two
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