Week Three, Langton
Week Three, Langton phi 205
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephani Mager on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to phi 205 at North Carolina State University taught by Benjamin Bagley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
Philosophy 205 – Week Three, Part Two Langton, “Love and Solipsism” Key Terms: Solipsism: o The knowledge of belief Epistemic Solipsism: o No persons other than yourself, in the sense of having a mind o See people as to be used – like tools to accomplish things o Entails moral solipsism, but not vice versa o No person has a mind separate from your own Moral Solipsism: o The idea that there are no persons other than you mattering independently o There is no one having a point of view independent of yourself Claims in the Reading – 1. Langton entails moral solipsism but not vice versa 2. Rejecting moral solipsism requires rejecting epistemic – that is treating others as having minds of their own (which might not be obvious) 3. There may be a moral duty to reject epistemic (to act as it were that people don’t have minds of their own) and mattering independently of yourself Concepts: Why does treating someone as mattering independently require treating them as having a mind of their own? o Treatingsomeone asmatteringindependentlyinvolves valuingandinteractingwith them in ways you can only value and interact with persons Interesting fact about life – o Certain attitudes, emotions, and actions that only make sense with respect to other persons Can’t resent certain people Example: Can’t resent your dog for having an accident in the house Some people see dogs as mattering independently o Different people act differently around certain people What are attitudes and interactions you can only have toward people? (Each one is debatable). o Resentment o Insult o Respect o Friendship o Love o Equality o Empathy o Sympathy o Jealousy o Trust o Disappointment o Betrayal o Validation None of these are strictly for people Each one is debatable Logically can’t feel these towards animals or anything besides people – but that’s not realistic Why are these on the list? o Autonomy o Connection/relationship (may or may not be mutual) o Reciprocity/give and take o Requires capacity for acknowledgment of other’s mental states Treating someone whose mental states matter independently of you)
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