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Arch History Week 1 & 2

by: Katie Mayes

Arch History Week 1 & 2 ARCH 211

Katie Mayes
GPA 3.56
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About this Document

These notes cover in-class slideshows and examples. They also go over what Prof. Kalas talks about - important topics and examples. They include pictures, definitions, important terms, and more!
History of Arch
Dr. Gregor Kalas
Class Notes
Architecture, history




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Mayes on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 211 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Gregor Kalas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 107 views. For similar materials see History of Arch in Architecture at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 09/06/16
1 Architecture History August 17, 2016 - Roman Villa Excavation o Under Farnesina, Rome – First Century CE o Includes architectural representation o Arch implication contributes to the movement and welcoming of the structure o Symmetrical and organization emphasizes importance Roman Villa - House of the Menander o Pordeii, Italy o 3 Cent. BC o Aristocratic Rank o Very little privacy o House strategically built Within an urban block @ Pompeii o Sense of community, and Working together House of the Menander - Catalhoyuk (Turkey) o Extremely small houses o In general, no doors/windows o Organized by social/private spaces Catalhoyuk House Plan o Everything in the city is cram Packed, the homes are close Together, saving space 1 Architecture History August 22, 2016 - Mastaba = Bench for burial o Used for preservation of body buried o Made from mud-baked bricks o Ka and ba  Place for the forces to Come together with The body  Ba – Force with you when you’re living  Ka – “Spiritual twin”, not with you after death - Djoser Pyramid o Located at Saqquara o Architect: Imhotep o Transformation from mastaba to Pyramid – idea to improve and build A better burial o Importance of step pyramid  Idea of preserving the body, and Memories  Pyramids represented class and wealth  Physically goes upwards  Didn’t come alone – came with a mortuary precinct o Mortuary Precinct of Djoser  Intentionally build for deceased  Build with stone to survive and last  Engaged column – papyrus (Important plant)  Symbolism – columns look like papyrus plants flowering and blossoming  Importance: o Gives the illusion of architecture and importance of maintaining the papyrus plant - Giza Plateau with Pyramids 2 o For Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu o 2601-2515 B.C. o Ben-Ben  Passing light through a little whole  Light-flow significance to launch a Belief for an afterlife o Pyramid of Khufu  Arranged to contribute to him becoming closer to becoming a sun god  Khufu’s Sarcophagus  King’s Chamber  Lined with granite o Pyramid of Khafre  Columns  Sphinx carved from rock in front – representation of Khafre - Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut o Hatshepsut  One of the first women pharrohs o Temple meant for representation – she wasn’t buried there o Temple built to create and preserve herself o Columns used to represent bodies And growth – strength and importance To building - Paestum = Poseidonia o City Plan o Polis o Idea of community coming together - 1 Architecture History August 24, 2016 - Le Corbusier – Towards a New Architecture o Comparison between cars and buildings  Ideas of use/design/appearance - Paestum = Poseidonia o Polis - Temple of Hera o At Paestum or Basilica Doric Order o Archaic Period o Basilica  Royal hall, later developed into a place of law, later becoming a Christian church o Ideals of a temple o Columns are larger at bottom, getting smaller at top o Made on a plot that’s considered as “holy ground” o The columns themselves, create the idea of stability - Cornice Column Capital o Doric Order  Triglyphs and Metopes vary in organization o Ionic Order  No Triglyphs or Metopes  Considered more “dainty” in strength and appearance - The Acropolis, Athens o The temple of Athena Nike  Architect – Kallikrates  Building devastated during a conflict with Persians  They didn’t rebuild, due to amount of damage - The Propylaia 2 o Designed by Mnesikles o Gives a regularization to a non-regular space - Parthenon o Iktnos and Kallikrates o Acropolis o Entasis = Swelling and other refinements o Columns are made of stacked pieces, held together by bronze/metallic rods o Swelling of columns – thicker in middle, Thinner at top and bottom, the curvatures Vary – creating the optical illusions for the buildings to appear straight - Erechtheion o Caryatids  Porch of the Maidenss/Erechthion  @ Acropolis o Irregular Shape and layout  Culture change? 1 Architecture History August 29, 2016 - Choregic Monument of Lysicrates o Athens o 334-335 BCE o Votive Corinthian Capital o TN State Capitol  Nashville  1859 Completed  William Strickland - Hellenistic Temple of Apollo o Didyma, Turkey o In-Situ drawings on the walls and And explanatory diagram - Praeneste o Palestrina, Italy o Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia o Renaissance additions for Barberini Palazzo o Nile Mosaic or Nilotic landscape mosaic - Pyramidal Tomb of Gaius Cestius o Rome o Inscriptions on tomb  C. Gaius Cestius Epulo, son of Lucius, of the . . . . district, praetor, tribune of the people, official of the public banquets. According to his will, this work was completed in three hundred and thirty days; it was executed by his heirs L. Pontus Mela, son of Publius, of the Claudian district, and his freedman Pothus. - Temple of Portunus o Also known as Fortuna Virilis  Rome - The Roman Forum 2 o Comitium  Site for oratory and participation in senatorial gatherings adjacent to the Senate House  Temple of Saturn  Temple of Concord 


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