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Social Psychology Week 3 Lecture 5

by: Sydney Lazzell

Social Psychology Week 3 Lecture 5 PSYC 2606

Marketplace > University of Colorado at Boulder > PSYC 2606 > Social Psychology Week 3 Lecture 5
Sydney Lazzell


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In-class Lecture Notes
Social Psychology
Irene Blair
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Lazzell on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2606 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Irene Blair in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.


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Date Created: 09/06/16
PSYC: 2606: Social Psychology Week 3 – Lecture 5 Motive for self-enhancement = self-handicapping o Pre-emptive behavior that provides an excuse for failure & protects self-esteem if failure occurs; but also sabotages one’s chance of success o E.g. good performers chose enhancing drug & bad performers chose the impairing drug § Bad performers can blame it on the drug not themselves for failing Ways to handicap o Making ones physical/mental state worse (e.g. lack of sleep/food, alcohol, other drugs) o Failing to study/practice o Procrastination o Trying to accomplish tasks in sub-optimal environments (e.g. noise or distractions) o Schedule events impossibly close together o Taking on challenges that are too advanced Defining characteristics of handicapping o Behavior has to occur before the evaluate event o Conscious behavior (e.g. procrastination vs. forgetting) o Motivated by the desire for positive impressions of ones abilities, in the eyes of others or oneself o Note: people who chronically engage in self-handicapping don’t feel positively about themselves in the long term Increase self-handicapping o Belief that ability is fixed o Belief that one might do poorly o Belief that performance reflects ability o Public performance & explicit social comparison (e.g. competition) o People w/ low self-esteem fear failure; people w/ high self-esteem see opportunity to stand out as exceptional It produces… o Self-presentation o Self-enhancing cognitions o Self-handicapping Low/Moderate Esteem High Esteem o Positive health outcomes o Negative health behavior o Motivate achievement o Prevent improvement o Helps to overcome o Difficulty dealing w/threats; challenges potential danger to others o People like confidence in o People dislike arrogance in others others Self-verification theory o People desire stability & predictability in the world, and this is enhanced if others see things the same way o Views of the self are no exception; people want stability & predictability in how they see themselves o Stability of the self is enhanced when others see us as we see ourselves = motive for self-verification o Self-verification = when people attempt to elicit, recall, and accept feedback that is consistent w/ the self-concept o Choice of identity cues (e.g. clothing) o Selection of close friends & romantic partners Self-enhancement & self-verification o Operation of both motives maintains balance but each one may dominate in different situations o Dimension of judgment: self-enhancement when feelings are at stake (e.g. opinion of favorite band); self-verification when accuracy is important (e.g. should they spend $100 on not so flattering pants) o Relationship status: self-enhancement when rejection is a real possibility (e.g. dating); self-verification when rejection is low (e.g. marriage) Self-Regulation Comparison to Standard Thought, Feeling, Behavior Adjust for Discrepancy Failures of self-regulation o Low motivation o Energy runs out o Did not detect discrepancy in time o Poor strategy for correcting discrepancy o Distraction (forgot the plan) Thought suppression Don’t think bad thoughts Work harder! Monitor bad thoughts Thought intrusion Increased accessibility of bad thoughts Making resolutions stick o Specific, concrete goal; commit to the goal; identify a strategy that will work o Implementation intension: link w/ physical cue (e.g. write it down 3-5 times w/conviction) o Monitor progress objectivity & maybe have someone else administer consequences


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