BS 161 Week 1 Notes
BS 161 Week 1 Notes BS 161
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chad Moorman on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BS 161 at Michigan State University taught by j. urbance in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Cells and Molecules in Biology at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
BS 161, Urbance, Week 1 Common Suffixes ose= sugar ol=alcohol ate=organic acid (ex. acetate(vinegar) (has a carboxyl group attached to it)) ase= enzyme one=ketone Enzyme names Often, enzyme names tell you what the enzyme does. nuclease=digests nucleic acid (either a DNAse or an RNAse) ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) A nucleotide, known as the energy currency for cells. Nucleotides are made up of 3 things: a five carbon sugar (ribose) A hyrdoxyl group (base) Three Phosphate groups ATP releases energy by breaking the bonds of one of the phosphate groups, and then reattaching them. Kinases Phosphorylate and dephosphorylate from ATP to ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate) The enzymes that transfer a phosphate group from one molecule to another, and back again REDOX reactions A reaction in which electrons are transferred from one molecule to another. (Ex. Succinate and Fumarate reaction catalyzed by Coupled Dehydrogenase) Yields Succinate Dehydrogenase NOT the what is occurring in ATP The molecule that gains electrons is said to be "Reduced" and is called the Oxidizing Agent The molecule that loses electrons is said to be "Oxidized" and is called the Reducing Agent
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