Module 1 Activity Answers
Module 1 Activity Answers AHC 115
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Patterson on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHC 115 at Volunteer State Community College taught by Abby Cooper in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.
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Chapter 1: Basic Word Structure 1. The term Alzheimer disease is a(n) _____ type of term. • eponym • Explanation: this form of dementia is named after Alois Alzheimer (German neuropathologist and psychiatrist), the first person to identify it ________________________________________________________________ Identify Origins of Terms Several patients are waiting to see their internist, Dr. Riley, this morning. Determine the origin of the term for each patient's condition. 1 Phyllis has been diagnosed with nephritis, which is a term that is: A. Greek or Latin in origin A. An eponym B. English in origin C. An acronym 1 Charles has Cushing syndrome, which is a term that is: A. Greek or Latin in origin B. An eponym D. English in origin E. An acronym 1 Jack has come in to see Dr. Riley for a followup assessment of his AIDS, a disease name that is actually: A. Greek or Latin in origin A. An eponym F. English in origin A. An acronym 2. Terri will hear the results of her CT scan, a procedure name that is actually: A. Greek or Latin in origin C. An abbreviation G. An eponym B. An acronym ________________________________________________________________ Use Targeted Strategies to Learn Medical Terminology 1. You can analyze most medical terms by ____ them into their ____ parts. • dividing • components 2. Develop a habit of categorizing word parts by body _____, e.g., nervous, skeletal and digestive. • system 3. Pay attention to both the pronunciation and _____ of terms. • spelling 4. The ____ is a portion of the small intestine. The ____ is a part of the hip. • ileum • ilium ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blanks 1 Word roots often indicate a(n) _____, while suffixes frequently indicate a procedure, a condition or a(n). • body part • disease ________________________________________________________________ Divide Medical Terms into their Component Parts 1 cystectomy • cyst / ectomy 3. leukemia • leuk / emia 4. dermal • derm / al 5. gastrectomy • gastr / ectomy 6. thrombosis • thromb / osis 7. nephrosis • nephr / osis ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blanks 1 Usually the best way to decipher a term is by starting with the meaning of the ____ and working back to the ____ of the term. • suffix • beginning ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blanks 1 When a combining vowel is joined to a word root, the two create what we call a(n) ____ form. • combining 5. Don’t use a combining vowel before a suffix that begins with a _____. • vowel 8. The combining vowel is primarily used to link either two _________ or to link a root to a suffix. • word roots 9. Use a combining vowel to join two word roots, even if the second word root begins with a(n) _____. • vowel 10. Combining vowels are not always necessary, instead, they are most often used between a root and a suffix to ease ______. • pronunciation ________________________________________________________________ Divide Medical Terms into their Component Parts 1 gastroenterology • gastr / o / enter / o / logy 11. hematology • hemat / o / logy 12. electrocardiogram • electr / o / cardi / o / gram 13. hepatitis • hepat / itis 14. dermal • derm / al 15. osteoarthritis • oste / o / arthr / itis ________________________________________________________________ Combine the Specified Number of Word Parts to Build a Term to Match Each Definition 1 _______________ : incision into the stomach • gastr / o / tomy = gastrotomy 16. _______________ : incision into a bone • oste / o / tomy = osteotomy 17. _______________ : inflammation of the bladder • cyst / itis = cystitis 18. _______________ : study of the bladder • cyst / o / logy 19. _______________ : pertaining to the stomach • gastr / ic = gastric ________________________________________________________________ Match Prefixes to their Corresponding Definitions 1 in— = in; into 20. epi— = above; upon 21. pre— = before 22. hyper— = above; excessive 23. bi— = two 24. sub— = under 25. hypo— = below; deficient 26. endo— = inside; without 27. an— = without 28. ex— = out; away from ________________________________________________________________ Match Word Parts 1 Word Roots: cephal; throb; hemat; nephr 29. Combining Forms: leuk/o; nephr/o; oste/o; cephal/o 30. Suffixes: —itis; —tomy; —ectomy; —pathy 31. Prefixes: hypo—; auto—; epi—; sub— ________________________________________________________________ Combine Word Parts to Match Terms to their Definitions 1 __________ : pertaining to the area under the liver • sub— / hepat / —ic = subhepaticic 32. __________ : study of the stomach and intestines • gastro / enter / —ology = gastroenterology 33. __________ : pertaining to the skin • derm / —al = dermal = dermal 34. __________ : inflammation of joints and bones • osteo / arthr / —itis = osteoarthritis 35. __________ : study of the blood • hemato / —logy = hematology 36. __________ : record of the electrical conduction of the heart • electro / cardio / —gram = electrocardiogram ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1 A _____ is attached to the end of a term. • suffix 37. The most common combining vowel is _____. • o 38. The word root and combining vowel together make up a _________. • combining form 39. To define a term, start with the ______. • suffix 40. A ______ is attached to the beginning of a term. • prefix 41. A _______ often indicates a procedure, a condition or a disease • suffix 42. A ______ often indicates number, position, direction, time or negation. • prefix 43. Use a _______ between two word roots even if the second word root begins with a vowel. • combining vowel 44. An _____ is a medical term derived from the name of a person. • eponym 45. An _____ is an abbreviation that is pronounced like a word • acronym ________________________________________________________________ Combine Word Parts to Form the Correct Term 1. ___________ : cancerous tumor • carcino / —oma = carcinoma 2. ___________ : joint pain • arthr / —algia = arthralgia 6. ___________ : study of the heart • cardio / —logy = cardiology 7. ___________ : pertaining to under the liver • sub— / hepat / —ic = subhepatic 8. ___________ : inflammation of the stomach • gastr / —itis = gastritis