Module 2 Activity Answers
Module 2 Activity Answers AHC 115
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This 19 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Patterson on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHC 115 at Volunteer State Community College taught by Abby Cooper in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views.
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Date Created: 09/06/16
Chapter 2: Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole Fill in the Blanks 1. The ______ is the fundamental unit of all living things. • cell 2. The cell ______ regulates the change of materials between the cell and its environment. • membrane 3. The cell _____ regulates cell reproduction. • nucleus 4. _______ are the membranebound structures that perform specific functions within the cells. • organelles 5. A(n) _______ is the basic unit of all matter. • atom 6. A(n) _______ is made up of one or more atoms. • molecule ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blanks 1 The number of chromosomes in a mature sex cell is ________. • 23 7. A photograph of an individual’s chromosomes arranged by size, shape and number is a(n) _________. • karyotype 8. Rodlike structures within the cell’s nucleus are called ______. • chromosomes 9. Regions on chromosomes are known as _________. • genes 10. The chemical found in genes that directs the activities of a cell is ________. • DNA ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blanks 1 Our body gets its energy through the process of _______, which involves breaking down ______ nutrients into simpler substances that can be _______ in the presence of oxygen to release energy. • catabolism • complex • burned • Explanation: Energy is garnered by a process known as catabolism, in which complex nutrients are broken down into simpler substances. Those substances are then burned in the presence of oxygen and the release energy is made available for the work of the cell. ________________________________________________________________ Define and Spell Terms 1 ___________: Sum of all chemical processes by which new materials are assimilated for the body’s use and energy is provided. • metabolism 11. ___________: Conversion of simple proteins into complex compounds.anabolism 12. ____________: Process by which complex foods are broken down into simpler substances to be burned and released as energy. • catabolism ________________________________________________________________ Define the Terms 1 _____________: Type of structure found outside each cell’s nucleus and contained within its cytoplasm • organelle 13. _____________: Type of cells that, by their contraction, allow movement of body parts • muscle 14. _____________: Network of canals distributed throughout the cytoplasm • endoplasmic reticulum 15. _____________: Organelles that help to build up, or synthesize, proteins within the cell for new cell growth • ribosomes 16. _____________: Process in which complex foods are broken down into simpler substances to create cellular energy. • catabolism 17. _____________: Type of cells that help transmit signals to and from the brain • nerve 18. _____________: The meaning of meta— • change 19. _____________: Process of converting simple proteins into more complex compounds to support new cell growth • anabolism 20. _____________: The sum of all chemical processes in a cell by which new materials are assimilated for the body’s use and for energy • metabolism 21. _____________: Type of cells that provide a protective cover for the surface of the body and line its cavities • epithelial 22. _____________: Tiny structures that generate most of the energy that powers cellular activity • mitochondria ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1 The epithelial tissue in our skin not only protects him from injury but also performs the functions of absorption, secretion and __________. This kind of tissue that helps you move your body is ________. • sensation • muscle • Explanation: By forming the outer covering of the body, our skin offers protection from injury and helps defend against diseaseproducing microorganisms. And it also performs the functions of absorption, secretion and sensation. ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blanks 1 The ______ tissue supports and shapes the body, binds the internal organs and transports substances between body parts. • connective 23. The function of _______ tissue is to coordinate the activities of the body by rapid communication. • nerve 24. The long, slender cells of ______ tissue, called fibers, contract, allowing movement of the parts and organs of the body. • muscle 25. The protective tissue that forms the outer covering of the body and lines the body’s cavities and internal organs is called _______. • epithelial ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank with the Word Parts 1 ____________: Pertaining to covering or skin • integument / —ary 26. ____________: Pertaining to muscles and the skeleton • musculo / skelet/o / —al 27. ____________: Excretory; pertaining to urine • urin / —ary 28. ____________: Circulatory; pertaining to heart and blood vessels • cardio / vasculo / —ar ________________________________________________________________ List in Order the Steps of Respiration 1. Air is breathed in through the nose. 2. Air is warmed in the pharynx and trachea. 3. Oxygen enters the bronchial tubes. 4. Oxygen is exchanged for carbon dioxide in the lungs. 5. Carbon dioxide is exhaled from the body. ________________________________________________________________ Define the Terms 1 _________: One of two tubes leading from the kidney to the blade • ureter 29. _________: System consisting of heart and blood vessels • cardiovascular 30. _________: System that absorbs nutrients for distribution throughout the body and eliminates waste • digestive 31. _________: Windpipe • trachea 32. _________: System responsible for breathing • respiratory 33. _________: Group of organs that work together to perform related functions • body system 34. _________: Just as the body takes in oxygen, it expels _______ . • carbon dioxide 35. _________: Name for the skin system • integumentary 36. _________: Tube through which urine passes from the bladder to the outside of the body • urethra 37. _________: Voicebox • larynx ________________________________________________________________ Use the Scenario to Answer the Following Questions Best friends Liz and Gillian are planning a trek through Nepal together in a couple of months. Both of them have just completed physical exams to ensure that they are healthy for this trip. 1 The thyroid gland, the ovaries and the pancreas are all included in the ___________ system. A. endocrine A. circulatory B. musculoskeletal C. reproductive 38. Liz’s levels of immunity were checked to ensure she was as protected as possible from pathogens during her travels. Of those listed below, the ________ system plays the most important role in immunity. A. lymphatic D. endocrine E. circulatory F. respiratory 39. Gilliam takes a stress test to monitor her heart. In other words this test assesses _______ function. A. visceral G. musculoskeletal B. cardiac H. respiratory ________________________________________________________________ Match the Organs to the Body System 1 Digestive: liver, esophagus, gallbladder 40. Urinary: kidneys, ureters, urethra 41. Respiratory: larynx, trachea, bronchial 42. Endocrine: thyroid gland, pituitary gland ________________________________________________________________ Match the Organ to the Body Cavity 1 Cranial Cavity: pituitary gland, brain 43. Spinal Cavity: nerves of the spinal cord 44. Thoracic Cavity: thymus gland, bronchial tubes, esophagus, heart 45. Abdominal Cavity: stomach, kidneys, liver, pancreas ________________________________________________________________ Break The Terms Down into Word Parts 1 abdominopelvic • abdomin / o / pelv / ic 46. thoracic • thorac / ic 47. spinal • spin / al 48. cranial • crani / al ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Break the Words Down into their Word Parts 1 iliac • ili / ac 49. epigastric • epic / gastr / ic 50. hypochondriac • hypo / chondr / iac 51. lumbar • lumb / ar 52. umbilical • umbilic / al ________________________________________________________________ Determine Which Syllable Has the Primary Accent (Pronunciation) 1 coccyx: kok siks 53. cervical: ser vi kal 54. coccygeal: kok si je al 55. lumbar: lum bar 56. thoracic: tho ras ik 57. sacral: sa kral ________________________________________________________________ Match the Term to Its Description 1 region containing 7 vertebrae: cervical 58. consists of 26 vertebra: spinal column 59. pad of cartilage between vertebrae: cartilage 60. region containing 12 vertebra, each joined to a rib: thoracic 61. houses the spinal cord: spinal cavity 62. region at the base of the spine: coccygeal 63. spinal region between the ribs and pelvis: lumbar ________________________________________________________________ Break Each Term Down Into Its Word Parts 1 ______________: pertaining to the neck region • cervic / —al 64. ______________: pertaining to the lower back • lumb / —ar 65. ______________: pertaining to both the lower back and the fused region of the spine • lumbo / sacro / —al 66. ______________: pertaining to between the vertebrae • inter/ vertebr /al 67. ______________: pertaining to both the neck and chest • cervic / thorac / —ic 68. ______________: pertaining to the tail bone • coccyg / eal ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blanks 1 The way to clearly understand directional terms is to remember that they assume the body in is the ________ position, which means the palms would be facing _________. • anatomic • forward • Explanation: Stand up and assume the anatomic position yourself. Look down at your body and remember: When directional terms are applied, it is assumed that the body is in this standard neutral position of reference known as the anatomic position. In this position, the body is in an erect, or standing, posture, facing directly forward, with the arms hanging down at the sides and the palms facing forward. ________________________________________________________________ Break the Words Down Into Their Word Parts 1 ___________: front surface of the body • anter / —ior 69. ___________: pertaining to below the surface of the body • infer / —ior 70. ____________: pertains to above another structure • super / —ior 71. ____________: pertaining to the tail • caud / —al 72. ____________: toward the feet • caud / —ad 73. ____________: pertaining to the head • cephal / —ic 74. ____________: toward the head • cephal / —ad 75. ____________: back surface of the body • paster / —ior ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blanks 1 A _____ wound is one that penetrated into the body. • deep 76. The minor abrasion was a _______ wound. • superficial 77. _______ means far from the point of attachment. • distal 78. _______ means near the point of attachment. • proximal 79. The _________ plane divides the body into right and left halves. • midsagittal 80. The patient was in a ______ position, lying on his stomach. • prone 81. The patient was lying face up, in a ______ position. • supine 82. ______ means pertaining to the middle. • medial 83. The radiographer took a _____ view, meaning from the side. • lateral 84. The frontal plan is also called the ______ plane. • coronal ________________________________________________________________ Match the Word to Its Description 1 type of tissue that conducts impulses: nerve 85. group of similar cells working together: tissue 86. another term for organs: viscera 87. protects the spinal cord: spinal cavity 88. group of organs working together: body system 89. medical term for throat: pharynx 90. type of tissue that supports and shapes the body: connective ________________________________________________________________ Define the Term 1 change: meta— 91. front: anter/o 92. up: ana— 93. internal organs: viscer/o 94. side: later/o 95. middle: medi/o 96. nearest: proxim/o ________________________________________________________________ Break the Word Down into its Word Parts 1 umbilical • umbilic / —al 97. abdominopelvic • abdomin / o / pelv / —ic 98. epigastric • epic / gastr / —ic 99. cephalic • cephal / —ic 100. hypochondriac • hypo / chondr / —iac 101. caudal • caud / —al 102. cytoplasm • cyt / o / plasm 103. karyotype • kary / o / type 104. lumbar • lumb / —ar 105. iliac • ili / —ac ________________________________________________________________ Combine the Proper Word Parts 1 __________: The process of breaking down complex substances to release energy. • cata / bol / —ism 106. __________: Substance of a cell outside of the nucleus. • cyto / —plasm 107. __________: Pertaining to, or full of, fat. • adip / —ose 108. __________: Pertaining to the tailbone. • coccy / —geal 109. __________: Rodlike structures within a cell’s nucleus. • chromo / —somes 110. ___________: Picture or image of nuclear structures. • karyo / —type ________________________________________________________________ Medical Reports Fill in the Blanks 1 The term ________ in this report refers to the sum of chemical processes by which new materials are assimilated for the body’s use and energy is provided. • metabolism 111. The term _______ in this report described one structure’s relation to the middle. • medial 112. The scratch on Luis’s knee affected the _____ tissue. • epithelial 113. Luis’s thyroid, a part of the ______ system, was normal on pupation. • endocrine ________________________________________________________________ Case Study 1 1 Because Kay has pain near her upper hip bone, it can be said to come from her right _________ region. • iliac 114. Kay’s front radiographic view is called the _____ view. • anterior 115. The radiograph taken from Kay’s side is called a ________ view. • lateral 116. The radiographic view of Kay’s hip taken from the back is called the ______ view. • posterior ________________________________________________________________ Case Study 2 1 Malcolm is examined lying on his back in the ______ position. • supine 117. The space between Malcolm’s diaphragm and groin is called the _______ cavity. • abdominopelvic 118. The area between Malcolm’s right and left hypochondriac regions is called the ________ region. • epigastric 119. The term in this case study that most accurately describes Malcolm’s inflammation of the pancreas is _________. • pancreatitis 1 abdominal • abdomin / —al 120. pancreatitis • pacreat / —itis 121. abdominopelvic • abdomen / o / pelv / —ic 122. epigastric • epi / gastr / —ic ________________________________________________________________ Case Study 3 1 Gina’s previous injury was the ______, or lower, spine. • lumbar 123. Together, Gina’s cranial and spinal cavities make up the _______ cavity. • dorsal 124. Gina has pain in her neck, referred to here as _____ pain. • cervical 125. Seat belt bruises at the center of Gina’s waist could be said to appear in her _______ region. • umbilical ________________________________________________________________ Which Syllable has the Primary Accent? 1 cervical • ser vi kal 126. umbilical • um bil i kal 127. lumbar • lum bar 128. hypochondriac • hi po kon dre ak 129. cranial • kra ne al
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