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KINE 1400 Chapter 1 Notes

by: Abby Chase

KINE 1400 Chapter 1 Notes kine 1400

Abby Chase
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About this Document

These notes cover chapter 1 of the Fitness Professionals Handbook (6th ed.) including some notes from Dr. Keller's power points. Health, Fitness, and Performance
David M Keller
Class Notes
Kinesiology, 1400, notes, Chapter, 1, Keller, University, Of, texas, AT, arlington, study, guide, KINE, Kines, Fitness, professionals, handbook





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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Chase on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to kine 1400 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by David M Keller in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 207 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO EXERCISE SCIENCE in Kinesiology at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 09/06/16
CHAPTER1 Health,Fitness, and performance 8/30/16  Health o Delaydeath, avoid disease,enjoy life,withstand challenges,improve systolic blood pressure and lipid profiles,losebody fat  Fitness o Continued health benefits, development of components of fitness  Performance Leading Causes ofDeath inthe US  Cardiovasculardisease(diseaseoftheheart and cerebrovascular)  Cancer (leading causein22 states)  Chronic lower respiratory disease  Accidents  Alzheimer’s disease Actual Causes ofDeath  Smoking  Poor diet and physical activity  Alcohol consumption It naturally follows the delaying death involves refraining from tobacco exposure and improving and activity habits Major RiskFactor Categories  Inherited/Biological o Age– some diseases varyby what ageyou are at o Gender – women higher chanceof breast cancer o Race o Susceptibility to disease  Environmental o Physical:air,water, noise,unsafe highways o Socioeconomic: income, housing,employment status,education o Family: divorce, death of loved one, children leaving  Behavioral o Smoking o Inactivity/poor nutrition o Drinking alcohol o Overuse of medication o Fastdriving/no seatbelt o Pressure to succeed (stress) IncreasePhysical activityand cardiorespiratory fitness ->decreasethe riskof heart disease  Over many years, “small amounts” of exercise(below the ACSM-American collegesports medicine- standard) reduced the riskof heart diseaseandother health problems  You don’t haveto be fitin order to benefit from physical activity Subcategories of Physical Activity  Self-careor dailytasks  Occupational or leisuretime activity  Recreational activity  Structured activity(exercise)or competitive sport Impact of regular physical activityon health  Improved Cardiorespiratory health  Improved metabolic health  Improved musculoskeletal health  Reduction incertain types of cancers  Improved mental health  Improved functional abilityand overall reduction infalls Previous PA guidelines emphasized fitness inorder to improve health  1972 American Heart Association o Beginat 75% HR max, 3 days x week, 15-20 min  1973 YMCA o 80% VO2 max, 3days per week, 40-45 min  1975 ACSM o 70-90% VO2 max, 3-5 days xweek, 20-45 min  >2000 cals expended through leisure-time physical activity(LTPA),regardless of intensity, yielded a 36% decreaseinthe riskof developing a heart attack  The focus of physical activityshifted from higher intensity (fitness)to: o Health outcomes o Volume of activity (frequency, intensity, duration) o Leisure-time physical activity(LTPA) 2002/2003 changedfocus to obesity 2007 changed focus to disease the more activeyou canbe in your non exercisetime will have an extreme benefit  30 min moderat3e intensity 5 x per week  20 min vigorous 3x per week  Doing more of the minimum increases the health benefits o Moderate intensity: 40-59% VO2 max or HRR o Vigorous Intensity: 60-84% VO2 max or HRR The higher level of exercisethat you do, the higher benefit you will have, but there will alsobe more risks and harms PhysicalActivity  First setof national guidelines o Substantial health benefits occur at a PA volume of 500-1000 MET mintes per week o One minute of vigorous intensity is equal to 2minutes of moderate intensity activity  150 minutes of moderate activity per week  75 minutes of vigorous activity per week o 3.5ml per kg/min while at rest =1 MET o 10 MET =35ml per kg/min Physicalfitnesscomponents  Cardiorespiratory function: the ability of the circulatory and respiratory system to provide fuel during sustainedphysical activity  Relativeleanness:amount of body weight that is fatvs nonfat or body composition  Muscular strength: the ability offthe muscleto generate maximal amounts of force  Muscular endurance: the abilityof the muscles to perform repetitive contractions over a prolonged time  Flexibility: the abilityto move a joint through its full range of motion without discomfort or pain Performance-related components(TEST)  Speed  Agility:ability to stop, start, and move the body quickly indifferent directions  Balance:Ability to maintain a certain posture or to move without falling  Power: DEFINITION  Coordination: Ability to perform a taskintegrating movements of the body and different parts of the body  Reaction time: DEFINITION Original ergometer used in experiments to assess metabolismduring exerciseduring the 1900’s


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