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by: morganessman3

Sociology_Chapter_1_Notes.pdf Soci 101

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Sociology Chapter 1 Notes
Intro to Sociology 101
Dr. Gibbs
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by morganessman3 on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soci 101 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Gibbs in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology 101 in Sociology at University of Nebraska Lincoln.

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Date Created: 09/06/16
Sociology Chapter 1 Sociology  The scientific study of society and human behaviors. o Study of human society.  Society Defined- People who share a culture and a territory; large group of people who live in the same area and participate in a common economy or culture. What is Culture? A system of beliefs and knowledge shared by members of groups or society that influences behavior and attitude. Sociological Imagination  Ability to gasp the connections between history and biography. (C. Wright Mills, 1959) o Mills  History- location in broad stream of events  Biography- Specific experiences in on historical setting-orientation to life  External Influences- our experiences- become part of our thinking and motivation History: each society is located in a broad stream of events + Biography: our experiences within those events = Sociological Imagination Sociological Imagination  Ex: o Going to college o Tea drinking o Getting married o Watching tv o Living in a rural area/country C. Wright Mills-  Speaks on ‘personal troubles and public issues’ o Personal Troubles- troubles to do with ‘an individual’s characters and with those limited areas of social life he or she is directly and personally aware’ o Public Issues- issues ‘have to do with local environments of the individual and the limited range of his or her life’  Ex:  Anorexia  Zika  Thief Sociology  Sociology o Enables us to look at both parts of our current reality; being part of a global network and having unique experiences in our smaller corners of life.  Science o Applying systematic methods to obtain knowledge and the knowledge obtained by these methods. o Goals of Science:  Explanation  Generalization  Prediction What is Difference?  Natural Sciences 2  Social Sciences  Sociology SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE  Origins of Sociology: 3 main events set the stage for challenging tradition and the emergence of sociology: • Industrial Revolution • American and French Revolutions • Imperialism Early Theorists (Europe): • Auguste Comte = ‘positivism’ • Charles Darwin = ‘survival of the fittest’ • Karl Marx = ‘class conflicts’ • Emile Durkheim = ‘social integration’ • Max Weber = ‘religion is central to social change’ Sociology in North America: • Harriet Martineau • WEB Du Bois • Jane Addams • Talcott Parsons • C Wright Mills Symbolic Interactionism: Central idea of SI is symbols (things to which we attach meanings) SI analyze how social life depends on the ways we define ourselves and others Theorists: Mead, Cooley Functionalism: Society is a whole unit made up of interrelated parts that work together Smaller parts are examined based on functions/dysfunctions and how it relates to the larger unit. Theorists: Comte, Spencer, Durkheim, Merton Conflict Theory: Society is composed of groups that compete with one another for scarce resources Theorists: Karl Marx 3 4


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