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Personality 3350 - September 6

by: Cynthia Shelby

Personality 3350 - September 6 PSY 3350

Marketplace > Wayne State University > Psychology > PSY 3350 > Personality 3350 September 6
Cynthia Shelby
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About this Document

These notes cover some material out of our books to go along with the in-class lecture and the professors slides. Subject covered: Theory Overview/Psychodynamic View
The Study of Personality
Joseph Fitzgerald
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cynthia Shelby on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 3350 at Wayne State University taught by Joseph Fitzgerald in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see The Study of Personality in Psychology at Wayne State University.


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Date Created: 09/06/16
Theory Overview/Psychodynamic View | 9-6-16 | Pg. 6-11;14-29 WHAT’S A THEORY? A theory is a conceptual scheme that attempts to organize ad explain the facts of nature in terms of general principles or laws.  Conceptual scheme > created in the mind of a theorist; the theorist selects most important features and predicts how they are related.  Theories provide a picture of how nature operates FUNCTIONS OF A THEORY 1. Synthesizing function – organizing many facts with as few variables as possible; keep a single domain and a logically consistent framework! 2. Heuristic function – predictions being tested against observations not yet made; hypothesis supported by observations increase the scope of theories making them very useful.  Scope > an outlook or view 3. Blinder function – by focusing only on the key variables, complexity of an idea is reduced; only pay attention to relevant facts. Example: you’re reading a cooking recipe that has all the directions you need to follow and ingredients you need to add in your dish; if it included extra information, (like the origin of the spices, who invented the dish, how many people in the world have made this dish, listed each store you could find the ingredients, etc.), the recipe would have too much info, making it complicated. Always keep things as simple as possible. PSYCHODYNAMIC VIEW 5 Personality Theories (The Big 5) And Their Theorists 1. Inferiority and Compensation > Alfred Adler  Social interest –desire to positively relate to people  Organ inferiority – people are motivated to attain equality or superiority  Masculine protest – an adult acts very “powerful” because of inadequate feelings as a child 2. Collective Unconscious, persona and personality > Carl Jung Collective unconscious – everyone shares inborn memories and ideas, most of which are unconscious Archetypes – basic images of how people think about their world Persona – social mask; the act you put on in front of others Anima – idea of the female in the males mind Animas – idea of the male in the mind of a female 3. Feminine psychology and basic anxiety > Karen Horney  Disagreed with Freud’s view of women having “penis envy” and the desire to be a man  Neurotic needs – the feelings of having needs that aren’t realistic or truly desireable 4. Psychosocial Development > Erik Erikson  Not all conflicts are unconscious; people go through the trials of choosing things and making conscious desicions This approach covers childhood and overall development through life with these universal stages: Trust vs. mistrust Autonomy vs. shame and doubt Initiative vs. guilt Industry vs. inferiority Identity vs. identity confusion Intimacy vs. isolation Integrity vs. despair Stagnation vs. generativity 5. Child attachment to caregivers > John Bowlby  Internal working models – conscious and unconscious mental images of themselves and others  Internal working models help us perceive events, predicts outcomes and construct plans; internal working models form in childhood and influence life choices


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