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1972 Week 2 Lecture Notes

by: Bradleigh Jenkins

1972 Week 2 Lecture Notes geog 1972

Bradleigh Jenkins


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About this Document

Ch.2 & Ch.8: social construction of nature Pretty logical and self-explanatory concepts
Environment-Society Geography
Professor Travis
Class Notes
Environment, geography, Society
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bradleigh Jenkins on Tuesday September 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to geog 1972 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Professor Travis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Environment-Society Geography in Geography at University of Colorado at Boulder.


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Date Created: 09/06/16
Tuesday August 30 Week 2 Lecture 1 Summary: Ch.2 continued, false duality between environment vs. society Malthus: population vs. resources  “Equity of access”: not all have the same opportunity to resources. It is a reflection more of society, than of the true volume of resources available. - Not suffering from a food shortage, but from poverty (natural vs. social) - The “shortages” are created by humans rather than by a ‘flaw’ in nature Big Ideas in Neo-Malthusians  A global crash is inevitable  Not enough resources, and it will hurt even those below carrying capacity - Ex: The Commons: grazing land shared. One person defects from this system and it will bring everyone else down too. I=PAT P= population A= affluence (level of consumption, per capita GDP) T= technology Additional Notes Ch.1 Key Concepts  Rewilding: intentional undoing of perceived human influence  Reconciliation ecology: science of imagining & creating & sustaining habitats, productive environments & diversity while humans use these areas. Ch.2 Key Concepts  Birth rate: births/1000  Death rate: deaths/1000  Carrying capacity: the limits of sustainable populations for a given area  Fertility rates: average # children/woman during her lifetime  Forest Transition theory: initial period of deforestation, then people leave and the trees grow back  Green Revolution: increase of agricultural innovation, fertilizers and surplus  Induced intensification: as agricultural communities grow, the land used will have to be more intensely farmed Tuesday August 30 Week 2 Lecture 1  Kuznets curve: income inequality will increase during initial development. Once the economy matures, then inequality will dissipate  Zero population growth: birth and death rates are the same Thursday September 1 Week 2 Lecture 2  Social construction: Any category/condition/thing that exists or is understood to have certain characteristics because people socially agree that it does  Constructivist: Emphasizing the significance of concepts, ideologies, and social practices to our understanding and making of building our worlds. EX: race  Social context: the ensemble of social relations in a particular place at a particular time; includes belief systems, economic relations of production and institutions  Nature: “everything that exists that is not the product of human activity.”  Constructivist view of science notes that even at its fundamental core, it is a philosophy unto itself. Even science cannot escape our social biases; even science is a reflection of our society.


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